Opel Astra, Zafira

Since 1998 of release

Repair and car operation



Opel Astra
+ Cars Opel Astra and Zafira
+ The operation manual
+ Routine maintenance
+ The engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
- The power supply system and release
   + The power supply system
   + System of injection of fuel of petrol engines
   + Systems of injection and turbo-supercharging of the diesel engine
   + Systems of release and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Manual transmission
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment



The power supply system and release

Specifications

The general parametres

Fuel

Petrol models

Neetilirovannyj gasoline is not worse АИ-95

Diesel models

Diesel fuel with цетановым number not less than 49

Operation of diesel models in winter conditions

At use of a summer variant of diesel fuel at temperature more low 0С there can be faults in engine work that speaks increase of viscosity of fuel as a result of paraffin allocation.

At negative temperatures it is necessary to use special "winter" diesel fuel. Depending on mark winter fuel provides uninterrupted operation at temperatures from-15S to-22S.

Use as additives to diesel fuel of gasoline, etc. thinners is not supposed!

At poor quality of fuel replacement of the fuel filter, probably, it is required to make more often, than it is provided by the schedule THAT.

Fuel tank

Volume, l

Models Astra

52

Models Zafira

58

The specific expense of fuel / issue WITH 2

For definition of the expense of fuel since 1996 the instruction 80/1268/EWG in last updating 1999/100/EG operates.
The instruction is based on real conditions of traffic: driving in a city is estimated with factor in 1/3, and behind its limits: 2/3 taking into account cold starts and acceleration phases. The integral component of the instruction are the instructions on compulsion of the publication of issue of carbonic gas (WITH 2).

Led in Specifications to the Head the Operation manual the data has only rough character. At definition of the expense of fuel under the standard 1999/100/EG own weight of the car established under the same instruction is considered. The vehicle complete set additional devices and units leads to weight change that also inevitable impact makes on size of the expense of fuel and issue WITH 2.


The first letter in a designation of type of the engine designates conformity to the sustained standard on decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases (Х: 1996 г, petrol models: D3, D4, diesel models: Euro2; Y: 1998 г, petrol models: D4, Euro3, diesel models: Euro3; Z: 1998 г, petrol models: Euro4, Level B).

Data see in Specifications to the Head the Operation manual.

Power supply system type

The detailed information – see System of injection of fuel of petrol engines and System of injection and a turbo-supercharging of the diesel engine.

Petrol models

Engines of 1.6 l SOHC

System of central injection Multec

Engines of 1.4 and 1.6 l DOHC

System of distributed injection Multec S

Engines of 1.8 and 2.0 l DOHC

System of distributed injection Simtec 70

Diesel models

The standard complete set of all models includes system высоконапорного (engines Y20DTH)/nizkonapornogo (other engines) a turbo-supercharging.


The engine of 1.7 l SOHC

System форкамерного injection EDC MSA 15М with ТНВД distributive type VP29 and electronic control. The intermediate cooler enters into a standard complete set of all models турбокомпрессора (интеркулер).

The engine of 1.7 l DOHC

System of direct injection EDC V5 with ТНВД distributive type, the electronic control which has been built in by the pump of pumping NipponDenso V5 and atomizers of two-level action. The intermediate cooler enters into a standard complete set of all models турбокомпрессора (интеркулер).

The engine of 2.0 l

System of direct injection EDC 15М with ТНВД distributive type VP44 and electronic control. Интеркулер it is established on model with высоконапорным a turbo-supercharging.

The maximum admissible frequency of rotation, rpm

Specifications to the Head the Engine see.

Power supply system technical characteristics

Petrol models

The characteristic

Value

Type of the fuel pump

Electric, погружной, is located in a fuel tank

Adjustable constant pressure of the fuel pump (approximately), a bar

  • Systems of the central injection

0.8

  • Systems of the distributed injection *

3.0—3.8

Productivity of the fuel pump, l/hour

100 (at 12 In a food)

Idling turns

Are not regulated, supervised by the management module (ECM)

Maintenance CO on idling turns

Is not regulated, supervised by the management module (ECM)

* The vacuum hose of a regulator of pressure of fuel is disconnected and corked (except engines 1.8)

Diesel models

ТНВД

Rotation direction

  • All models

Clockwise

The moment of injection (static)

  • Engines of 1.7 l SOHC and 2.0 l

Copes ECM

  • Engines of 1.7 l DOHC

0.28—0.33 mm of a course плунжера the pump to ВМТ the end of a step of compression of the piston of the first cylinder

Pressure of the fuel pump, bar at 2250 rpm

  • Engines of 1.7 l SOHC

8.0 0.1

  • Engines of 2.0 l

16.0

Atomizers

Pressure of opening, bar

Engines of 1.7 l SOHC

130—143

Engines of 1.7 l DOHC

  • 1st step

175

  • 2nd step

335

Engines of 2.0 l

  • Models with низконапорным a turbo-supercharging

180—365

  • Models with высоконапорным a turbo-supercharging

220—380

Adjusting data

Petrol models

The data cited more low is removed from the serviceable engine of 1.6 l SOHC on single and starting turns by means of the input reader of diagnostic codes.


The characteristic

Value

Target pressure of the storage battery, In

  • Single turns

14.2

  • Turns of fast idling

14.1

Pressure of the gauge of position throttle заслонки (TPS), In

  • Single turns

0.64

  • Turns of fast idling

0.86

Pressure of the gauge of absolute pressure in the inlet pipeline (MAP), In

  • Single turns (pressure 0.25 bar)

1.27

  • Turns of fast idling (pressure 0.16 bar)

0.86

Pressure of a ljambda-probe, мВ

  • Single turns

62—900

  • Turns of fast idling

58—940

Pressure of the gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid, In

  • Single turns (86С)

2.17

  • Turns of fast idling (89С)

2.05

Temperature of air soaked up in the engine, С

  • Single turns

24

  • Turns of fast idling

21

Duration of an impulse of opening of injectors, мс

  • Single turns

3.2

  • Turns of fast idling

1.8

Corner of an advancing of ignition, hailstones

  • Single turns

5—8

  • Turns of fast idling

18

Frequency of rotation of the engine, rpm

  • Single turns

750

  • Turns of fast idling

1980

Nominal frequency of rotation of the engine

  • Single turns

775

  • Turns of fast idling

1900

Structure of an air-fuel mix

  • Single turns

14.6:1

  • Turns of fast idling

14.6:1

Loading on the engine, %

  • Single turns

9

  • Turns of fast idling

14

Diesel models

The characteristic

Value

Idling turns, rpm

  • Engines of 1.7 l SOHC

780—900 (cope ECM)

  • Engines of 1.7 l DOHC

825—875 (cope ECM)

  • Engines of 2.0 l

750—850 (cope ECM)

The maximum admissible turns of the engine, rpm

  • Engines of 1.7 l SOHC

5400—5500 (cope ECM)

  • Engines of 1.7 l DOHC

5100—5300 (cope ECM)

  • Engines of 2.0 l

4900—5100 (cope ECM)

Efforts of a tightening of carving connections, Nanometer

Petrol models

Connection type

Value

Nuts of fastening of a pedal of an accelerator

9

Nut штуцерного connections of a vacuum hose of brake system

15

The gauge of position of a camshaft (CMP)

  • Engines 1.4, 1.6 and 1.8 l

8

  • Engines of 2.0 l

6

Bolt of fastening of the gauge of position of a cranked shaft (CKP)

  • Engines SOHC

10

  • Engines DOHC

8

Fastening of a reception pipe of system of release of the fulfilled gases to a final collector

  • Nuts (engine SOHC)

45

  • Bolts (engine SOHC)

35

  • Engines DOHC

20

Nuts of fastening of a final collector *

22

Bolts of fastening of a final collector

8

Nuts штуцерных connections of fuel lines

15

Collar of fastening of a regulator of pressure of fuel (engines DOHC)

5

Bolts of fastening of a fuel highway

  • Engines 1.4, 1.6 and 1.8 l

8

  • Engines of 2.0 l

20

Bolts of fastening of assembly tapes of a fuel tank

20

Bolts and nuts of fastening of the inlet pipeline

  • Engine SOHC *

22

  • Engines of 1.4 and 1.6 l DOHC
    • Bolts and nuts of fastening of a flange to the pipeline

8

    • Bolts and nuts of fastening of a flange to a head of cylinders

20

  • Engines of 1.8 and 2.0 l *

22

Bolt of fastening of a basic arm to the pipeline

20

Bolt of fastening of a basic arm of the pipeline to the block of cylinders

35

Bolt of fastening of the gauge of a detonation

20

Fastening of thermofilters of spark plugs (engines SOHC)

30

Fastening of the case of a throttle

  • The engine of 1.6 l SOHC
    • Nuts

22

    • Screws of fastening of the top section to the bottom

6

  • Engines 1.4, 1.6 and 1.8 l DOHC
    • Bolts

8

  • Engines of 2.0 l
    • Bolts

9

Fastening of the gauge of position (potentiometer) throttle заслонки (TPS)

  • The engine of 1.6 l SOHC
    • Bolts

2

  • Engines 1.4, 1.6 and 1.8 l DOHC
    • Bolts

8

  • Engines of 2.0 l
    • Nuts

9

  • Engines 1.4, 1.6 and 1.8 l

8

Nuts of fastening of gauge TPS - engines of 2.0 l

9

Bolts of fastening of gauge TPS – engines SOHC

2

Bolts of fastening of a shipping eye to a head of cylinders

20

Systems of release and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases

  • Bolts of fastening of valve EGR

20

  • Bolts of fastening of a branch pipe of a final collector

8

  • Ljambda-probe

30


* The fixture marked with an asterisk is not subject to a reuse.

Diesel models

Engines of 1.7 l SOHC

Connection type

Value

Fastening of a pedal of an accelerator to a partition of an impellent compartment

6

The gauge of pressure of pressurisation

8

The gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid (ECT)

20

The gauge of position of a cranked shaft (CKP)

8

Nuts of fastening of a final collector *

22

Bolts of an arm of a final collector

25

Bolts of fastening of a reception pipe of system of release of the fulfilled gases to a final collector

20

Atomizers of injection of fuel

70

Nuts штуцерных connections of fuel lines

25

ТНВД

  • Pump fastening to a basic arm (from outside drive ГРМ)

25

  • Pump fastening to an arm

25

  • Pulley fastening to the pump

25

Nuts of fastening of the inlet pipeline *

22

Bolts of fastening of the inlet pipeline

22

Fastening интеркулера to a radiator

5

Fastening турбокомпрессора to a final collector

30

Bolts of fastening of a thermofilter турбокомпрессора

8

Fastening маслоподающей tubes to the block of cylinders

20

Fastening маслоподающей tubes to турбокомпрессору

30

Fastening масловозвратной tubes to the pallet

45

Fastening масловозвратной tubes to турбокомпрессору

8

Systems of release and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases

  • Bolts of fastening of valve EGR

24

  • Bolts of fastening of an electromagnet of management EGR

8

  • Fastening of tube EGR to the inlet pipeline

8

  • Fastening of tube EGR to a final collector

8

Engines of 1.7 l DOHC

Connection type

Value

Fastening of a pedal of an accelerator to a partition of an impellent compartment

12

The gauge of atmospheric pressure

10

Fastening of an arm of an air tube of a supercharger to the case газораспределительного the mechanism

24

The electromagnetic valve of a regulator of pressure of pressurisation

5

The gauge of pressure of pressurisation

10

The gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid (ECT)

22

The gauge of position of a cranked shaft (CKP)

10

The engine management module (ECM)

6

Fastening of arm ECM to the case газораспределительного the mechanism

10

Fastening of an arm of tube EGR to the case газораспределительного the mechanism

8

Fastening of tube EGR to a final collector

28

Nuts of fastening of a reception pipe of system of release of the fulfilled gases to турбокомпрессору

65

Bolts and nuts of fastening of a final collector *

24

Bolts of fastening of a basic arm of a final collector

51

Shtutsernye connections of lines of return of fuel to atomizers

15

Atomizers of injection of fuel

22

Nuts штуцерных connections of fuel lines

25

Thermofilter

12

Nuts and bolts of fastening of the inlet pipeline *

24

ТНВД

  • Pump fastening to a basic arm

18

  • Pump fastening to the block of cylinders

20

  • Arm fastening to the block of cylinders

54

  • Nut of fastening of a cogwheel

69

Fastening of the block of management ТНВД

10

Fastening of a basic arm of the block of management ТНВД to the block of cylinders

48

The gauge of emergency pressure of oil

20

Турбокомпрессор

  • Nuts of fastening of a final flange

27

  • Shtutsernye connections маслоподающей tubes

10

  • Fastening nuts турбокомпрессора to a collector

27

Systems of release and toxicity decrease тработавших gases

  • Bolts of fastening of valve EGR

24

  • Bolts of fastening of an electromagnet of management EGR

8

  • Fastening of tube EGR to case GRM/to a head of cylinders

8

  • Fastening of tube EGR to a final collector

28

Engines of 2.0 l

Connection type

Value

Fastening of a pedal of an accelerator to a partition of an impellent compartment

12

Fastening bolts натяжителя a belt of a drive of auxiliary units

  • Bolt of an axis of the basis of a pulley

42

  • Bolts of fastening of a rack

23

Bolt of fastening of the gauge of pressure of pressurisation

8

Bolt of fastening of an asterisk of a camshaft *

  • Stage 1

90

  • Stage 2

To hold on on a corner 60

  • Stage 3

To hold on on a corner 30

The gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid (ECT)

18

Bolt of fastening of the gauge of position of a cranked shaft (CKP)

8

Reception pipe of system of release of the fulfilled gases

  • Bolts of fastening of a reception pipe to intermediate section

12

  • Nuts of fastening of a pipe to турбокомпрессору

20

Fastening of a final collector

  • Nuts *

22

  • Bolts of fastening of a basic arm

25

Nuts штуцерных connections of fuel lines

25

Fastening ТНВД

  • Forward bolts

25

  • Bolts of fastening of fuel tubes

15

  • Bolts of a back basic arm

20

  • Bolts of a cover of an asterisk

6

  • Bolts of fastening of an asterisk

20

Fastening of the inlet pipeline

  • Nuts of fastening of the bottom section to a head цилиндров*

22

  • Bolts of fastening of the top section to the bottom

8

Chain of drive ГРМ

  • Caps натяжителей (top and bottom)

60

  • Bolts of fastening top успокоителя

8

Турбокомпрессор

  • Bolts of fastening of a final flange

30

  • Fastening маслоподающей tubes
    • Nut штуцерного connections of a tube with the block

20

    • Bolt штуцерного connections of a tube with турбокомпрессором

20

  • Fastening масловозвратной tubes
    • Nut штуцерного connections of a tube with the block of cylinders

25

    • Bolts штуцерного connections of a tube with the turbine

8

  • Fastening bolts турбокомпрессора to a collector

30

Systems of release and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases

  • Bolts of fastening of valve EGR

24

  • Bolts of fastening of an electromagnet of management EGR

4

  • Fastening of tube EGR to case GRM/to a head of cylinders

8


* The fixture marked with an asterisk is not subject to a reuse.








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