Opel Astra, Zafira

Since 1998 of release

Repair and car operation



Opel Astra
- Cars Opel Astra and Zafira
   Identification numbers of the car
   Acquisition of spare parts
   Technology of service, the tool and the workplace equipment
   Поддомкрачивание and towage
   Start of the engine from the auxiliary power supply
   Checks of readiness of the car to operation
   Automobile химикалии, oils and greasings
   Diagnostics of malfunctions
+ The operation manual
+ Routine maintenance
+ The engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ The power supply system and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Manual transmission
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment



Поддомкрачивание and towage

Поддомкрачивание

Entering into a standard complete set of the car the jack is intended only for performance of procedures of change of wheels! At carrying out of any other repair or preventive works the car should be lifted by means of hydraulic (or тележечного) a jack and it is obligatory to establish on the special props got under bearing points of the bottom. If necessity for removal of wheels is absent, the car can be tired out on a viewing hole or a platform.


At all do not start the engine of the lifted car it it is dangerous!


In order to avoid serious damages of units at all do not get a jack under картер, a transmission or a back axis!


 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. For поддомкрачивания the car it is necessary to cock a lay brake and, for safety, to enclose under диагонально located to поддомкрачиваемому to a corner a back wheel противооткатный a boot.

    At поддомкрачивании a back corner of the car instead of a lay brake it is necessary to establish transmission on transfer.

  1. If work is made on a slope, establish an emphasis from that party of a wheel which is more low.
  1. Before поддомкрачивать the car, remove a decorative cap and баллонным a key ослабьте nuts of fastening of a wheel subject to replacement. Prepare запаску.

    On some models the cap fastens on a disk wheel nuts which at the given stage should be weakened only!

  1. Try to establish a jack on a firm covering, in case of need try to get any firm lining with enough developed surface (for example, a board piece).
  1. The jack should be got in strengthened points specially intended for it in a forward or back part of thresholds, — in case of need preliminary remove a protective cover, — having compressed the uvulas located behind labels, release clamps, then pull a cover downwards and remove it from a threshold.

On models with lateral elements of furnish of thresholds before jack installation under the car bottom it is necessary to remove a furnish element, — pull for its bottom edge, develop upwards and remove.

  1. Take care of reliability of input of a head of a jack in gearing with a ledge of an edge of rigidity of a threshold.
  1. Rotating the jack handle, lift the car so that the wheel subject to replacement has come off the earth, — watch, that подпятник a jack constantly leant against the earth all surface and settled down strictly under a head. Having thrown off fixing nuts, remove a wheel and establish on its place spare. Screw wheel nuts, then lower the car on the earth, clean a jack and hold on nuts of fastening of a wheel in a diagonal order with demanded effort. Establish into place a cap. Combine and clean the tool. Do not forget to take and clean противооткатные boots.
  1. At car fixing in the lifted position of a head of props/paws of the lift it is necessary to get a little outside (on a car axis) домкратных points of thresholds.

Towage

Towage of an emergency vehicle

At absence in РКПП or АТ трансмиссионного oils/ATF the car should be towed only with the driving wheels torn off from the earth!

Strictly speaking, the car should be towed with the leading (forward) wheels torn off from the earth (is better in general on a platform эвакуатора). If it is necessary to make towage of the car without a separation of forward wheels, turn the ignition key in position OFF, in order to avoid damage of the lock of blocking of a wheel.

The cars equipped АТ, can be towed by a forward course on all four wheels with the speed which is not exceeding 55 km/h (35 miles/ch) and on distance no more than 80 km (50 miles). Before the towage beginning check up level трансмиссионной liquids (Routine maintenance see the Head). If ATF does not reach level of a mark of NOTES on an edge measuring щупа, it is necessary to make necessary updating, or to tow the car only with the forward wheels torn off from the earth.

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Make following preparatory procedures:

    1. Release a lay brake;
    2. Start the engine;
    3. Translate the selector lever in position D, then — in neutral (N);
    4. Muffle the engine;
    5. Turn the ignition key in position OFF (at all do not leave it in position LOCK).

    Never tow equipped АТ the car back without a separation from the earth of forward wheels!

  1. If there is a necessity for towage of the car equipped РКПП without a separation of wheels from the earth, do not forget to translate a control lever on neutral transfer and to release a lay brake.
  2. Use at towage of an emergency vehicle only towing sling specially intended for this purpose which can be got cheaply practically in any shop of automobile accessories. The sling should cling only for bearing кузовные elements, — at all to a bumper.
  1. Cars considered in the present Management are equipped by a stationary back towing eye and to demountable lobbies.
  1. For installation of a demountable forward eye it is necessary to remove preliminary established on a bumper заглушку, or to cast away a cover (depending on body type):
  • On models of Hetchbek, the Sedan and the Versatile person the nest for installation of a demountable towing eye in a forward bumper is equipped by a folding protective cover;
  • On models of the Compartment and the Cabriolet the nest under installation of a forward towing eye is muffled by a round demountable stopper.
    1. Take from a cover stored in a niche under запаску a demountable eye and screw its carving part in a nest against the stop.

      The eye is equipped by a link sided carving, therefore it should be rolled counter-clockwise.

    1. Do not forget to turn a key in the lock of ignition of the towed car in position ON, otherwise will inevitably work блокиратор a steering column. Besides, at the included ignition indexes of turns and stoplights are activated also.
    2. Remember that at the switched off engine efficiency of braking of the car considerably decreases because the vacuum amplifier of brakes ceases to function. Thus it is necessary to squeeze out a pedal of a foot brake with a little big, than usually effort. On the models equipped with the hydraulic booster of a wheel, at maneuvering performance большее the effort should be put to a steering wheel.

    At трогании from a place and a gear change the driver of a towing vehicle should give particular attention to smoothness отпускания couplings. The driver of a towed vehicle should try keep constantly a towing sling tense in order to avoid jerks and arrivals on a sling wheels, — in an ideal it is necessary to use a sling of an elastic design, and it is better — a rigid bar.

    Before a start of motion drivers of both vehicles (towing and towed) should co-ordinate among themselves a route.

    Movement should be carried out only with moderate speeds, on the shortest route and observance ПДД. Avoid sharp braking, accelerations and maneuvering. Remember that at car towage on a roadside or a narrow dirt road always there is a danger of a pulling down for limits проезжей parts.

    On both cars external lighting devices according to traffic Rules should be included.

    Towage for the purpose of engine start

    Before to try to start the engine towage, it is necessary to use whenever possible the storage battery of other car for engine start — address to following subsection.


    In order to avoid damage каталитического the converter try to avoid whenever possible start of the engine by towage or pushing, — use technics of start from the auxiliary power supply (Start of the engine from the auxiliary power supply see)!

    During towage it is necessary for driver of the towed car to adhere to following rules:

     PERFORMANCE ORDER

    1. Before the towage beginning include 3rd transfer РКПП, squeeze out a pedal of coupling and keep it in the pressed condition.
    2. Include ignition (position of II lock of ignition).
    3. When both cars will be in movement, smoothly release a coupling pedal. Right after start realisation, in order to avoid arrival on a sling, switch off transfer.
    4. At towage equipped каталитическим the car converter (except diesel models) do not make start attempt on distance more than 50 m, otherwise not burnt down fuel will get in каталитический the converter that can lead to an exit of the last out of operation.
    5. Start equipped АТ the engine by means of towage is not obviously possible owing to design features of the unit.







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