Opel Astra, Zafira

Since 1998 of release

Repair and car operation



Opel Astra
- Cars Opel Astra and Zafira
   Identification numbers of the car
   Acquisition of spare parts
   Technology of service, the tool and the workplace equipment
   Поддомкрачивание and towage
   Start of the engine from the auxiliary power supply
   Checks of readiness of the car to operation
   Automobile химикалии, oils and greasings
   Diagnostics of malfunctions
+ The operation manual
+ Routine maintenance
+ The engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ The power supply system and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Manual transmission
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment



Diagnostics of malfunctions

The description of diagnostics of electronic control systems and diagnostic codes are resulted in the Head an engine Electric equipment.

In the given section the most simple scheme of finding-out of the reasons of malfunctions and the refusals occurring in knots and systems of a vehicle is offered. Refusals and their possible reasons are broken into groups on the basis of the relation to certain components or car systems, as for example the engine, cooling system, etc., besides, in the text references to Chapters and the sections concerning given problems are given.

Remember that successful end of search of causes of defect at all is not the black magic accessible to only skilled professional mechanics, and is defined by a combination of certain knowledge and the patient, regular approach to problem research. To move always follows from simple to difficult, to lead up each check to the logic end and to try not to pass the obvious facts — everyone can forget to fill fuel in a fuel tank or to leave for the night included lighting devices.

And at last, always it is necessary to try to make an accurate picture of development of malfunction and to undertake corresponding steps on relapse prevention. If refusal of an electric equipment was the result of infringement of quality of contact, check up at the same time a condition of all other contacts and electric sockets of system. If the same safety lock some times continues to fuse successively, there is no sense in its further replacement — it is necessary to try to find out a cause of a failure. Remember that failure of a minor component can be a sign of infringement of functioning of more important knot or the whole system.

The engine

If the engine is not started, it is necessary to analyse a situation. That the engine in general could be started, two basic conditions should be satisfied. In cylinders the air-fuel mix should arrive, and on a spark plug the spark should be developed. Therefore, first, it is necessary to check up, whether fuel moves. As thus it is necessary to operate, it is described in the Head of the Power supply system and release.

To define, whether the spark is developed, it is necessary to turn out candles, to insert into tips and separately to put to weight. Thus a tip or a cable of ignition do not hold hands, and use well isolated nippers. Ask the assistant to start the engine. If the spark is absent, define a cause of a failure, being guided by the Head an engine Electric equipment.

Procedures of diagnostics of an electronic control system and codes of malfunctions are resulted in the Head an engine Electric equipment.

The engine is not turned at attempts of its start

  1. Corrosion of plugs of the battery or ослабло fastening on them of tips of wires takes place. Check up a condition of plugs and tips. Tighten клеммные clips, if necessary remove corrosion traces.
  2. The battery is discharged or faulty. If tips of wires are found pure and reliably fixed on battery plugs, turn the ignition key in position ON, then include headlights and-or windscreen cleaners. If the given electric equipment does not function, the battery is discharged.
  3. Transmission it is inexact it is established in position «Р» (АТ) or on neutral transfer (РКПП), or coupling is not completely squeezed out.
  4. Conducting in a chain of system of start or ослабло fastening of wires on plugs is torn off. Check up a condition of wires, plugs and electric sockets of the battery, the traction relay of a starter and the ignition lock.
  5. The starter gear wheel is jammed in a gear wreath of a flywheel. On the models equipped РКПП, establish it on transfer and, потолкав manually the car, turn that its engine. At the first possibility remove a starter and check up a condition of a gear wheel and a gear wreath of a flywheel.
  6. The traction relay of a starter (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) is faulty.
  7. The starter (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) is faulty.
  8. The ignition lock is faulty.

The engine is turned, but not started

The petrol engine

  1. Start is incorrectly made.

Order of start of the petrol engine

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

Cock a lay brake, squeeze out a coupling pedal. On models with АТ press and keep a brake pedal. On АТ establish the selector in position «Р» or «N». Do not squeeze out an accelerator. Turn the ignition key and keep, while the engine will not be started. If the engine is not started within 20 seconds, or глохнет right after start, repeat start process at half squeezed out pedal of gas. As soon as the engine will be started, release the ignition key.

On a frost more low-15°S and at height more than 1000 m above sea level start spend not less than 10 seconds with half squeezed out pedal. Necessarily at once begin movement. In frosty weather allow to the engine to get warm during a minimum of 30 seconds. If the engine is not started, in 10 seconds, interrupt start and repeat attempt in 30 seconds.

Some unsuccessful attempts of start can damage каталитический the converter since not burnt down fuel взрывообразно burns down at heating in a working element of the converter successively.

Only on the hot engine: after start add a few gas.

  1. It is faulty or is not disconnected иммобилизатор the engine.
  2. The safety lock of the electric fuel pump / of electronic system of injection (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) is faulty.
  3. Empty fuel tank or poor-quality fuel is filled in.
  4. The air filter is strongly polluted. Vacuum leaks in elements of giving of air, malfunction in a control system of injection of fuel and ignition take place.
  5. The battery (the engine is turned too slowly) is discharged. Check up electric equipment functioning (see above).
  6. Are oxidised клеммные battery connections, or ослабло their fastening (see above).
  7. The fuel pump is faulty, has fused its safety lock, or the pump relay is damaged. Check up on hearing serviceability of functioning of the pump at ignition inclusion (see the Head of the Power supply system and release).
  8. Components of system of ignition (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) are damaged or excessively humidified.
  9. Spark plugs are worn out or faulty, or the candle backlash (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) is incorrectly exposed.
  10. Conducting of an electric contour of system of start, or ослабло fastening of wires on plugs (see above) is torn off or disconnected.
  11. Conducting of a contour of the coil of ignition, or ослабло fastening of wires on coil plugs (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) is torn off or disconnected.
  12. The safety lock of the block of engine management, the pulse gauge, the gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid or soaked up air (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) is damaged.
  13. Has fallen компрессионное pressure. Replace a sealing lining of a head of cylinders, in case of need execute regenerative repair of the engine.

The diesel engine

  1. Start is incorrectly made.

Order of start of the turbodiesel engine

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

On the cold engine and at external temperature more low +8°С tighten a lay brake, squeeze out a coupling pedal. On АТ establish the selector in position «Р» or «N». Turn the ignition key in position II and wait, the control lamp of preheat will not go out yet. At once after the control lamp will go out, start the engine, without giving some gas. If there are irregular flashes, do not switch off a starter until the engine will not earn in regular intervals (no more than 30 seconds). If the engine is not started, through a floor of minute again repeat start as it is described above.

In the course of preheat of the engine, it is not necessary to include current consumers (light, heating of back glass).

On the cold engine and at external temperature above +8°С, and also at the warm engine preheat is not required. The engine can be started at once. It is not necessary to give gas.

  1. It is faulty иммобилизатор the engine
  2. The safety lock of the electric fuel pump, or preheat system (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) is faulty.
  3. Serviceability of functioning of system of preheat is broken.
  4. There is no pressure on electromagnetic запорном the valve. Connect to the switch the voltmeter or a sampler on a light-emitting diode. Include ignition, — the light-emitting diode should light up. Otherwise it is necessary to check up electroconducting of a corresponding chain on breakage. In case of need make corresponding regenerative repair.
  5. It is faulty electromagnetic запорный the valve. Check up reliability of fastening of the electromagnetic switch, check up contacts. Switch on and off ignition, — in the switch click should be distributed.
  6. Damage to a line of giving of fuel, or air hit to a fuel path takes place:
  • Are mechanically damaged or littered топливопроводные lines. Check up passableness of lines, clean топливопроводы, remove from a path, including the filter air stoppers;
  • The fuel filter is littered. Replace filtering element;
  • In the winter it is necessary to check up the filter and топливопроводы on presence of signs of formation of ice or paraffin. Put the car in heated garage, add in the power supply system of a few gasoline;
  • The path ventilation of a fuel tank or the mesh filter топливозаборника is littered. Check up, clean corresponding lines.
  1. Adjustment of the beginning of giving of fuel is brought down. Check up, make corresponding updating.
  2. Atomizers are faulty. Check up. Turn on consistently накидные nuts, — at отворачивании nuts of the faulty cylinder engine turns will not fall.
  3. The fuel pump of a high pressure (ТНВД) is faulty. Establish for check new, or obviously serviceable ТНВД.
  4. Has fallen компрессионное pressure. Replace a sealing lining of a head of cylinders. In case of need repair the engine.

The starter functions without проворачивания the engine

  1. The starter gear wheel is jammed. Remove a starter (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) and check up its condition.
  2. Teeth of a gear wheel of a starter or flywheel wreath are worn out or damaged.

Start of the cold engine is complicated

Address also to item materials start / Is complicated stability of functioning of the cold engine (see more low) is broken.

  1. The battery (the routine maintenance Schedule see) is discharged or insufficiently charged.
  2. Malfunction of components of the power supply system or electric equipment (Heads of the Power supply system and release and an engine Electric equipment see) takes place.
  3. In the filter of thin clearing of the diesel engine paraffin has accumulated. Replace a filter element. Fill winter fuel, or dilute with gasoline (address to subsection «Operation of the diesel engine in winter conditions» Specifications to the Head the Operation manual).
  4. Candles накаливания the diesel engine are faulty.
  5. Has fallen компрессионное pressure in cylinders.

Start of the hot engine is complicated

  1. Passableness of the air filter (see the Head of the Power supply system and release) is broken.
  2. Malfunction of components of the power supply system or electric equipment (Heads of the Power supply system and release and an engine Electric equipment see) takes place.
  3. Fuel does not reach injectors of system of injection (see the Head of the Power supply system and release).
  4. Installation of phases газораспределения the diesel engine is broken.
  5. Has fallen компрессионное pressure (the petrol engine) / adjustment ТНВД (the diesel engine) is broken.

Starter input in gearing with a flywheel / wreath приводного a disk is complicated, or accompanied by extraneous sounds

  1. Teeths of a gear wheel of a starter or flywheel wreath are worn out or damaged.
  2. Bolts of fastening of a starter or ослабло effort of their tightening are lost.
  3. Internal damage of a starter takes place. Replace a starter.

The engine глохнет right after start

  1. It is faulty иммобилизатор the engine.
  2. Electroconducting, or ослабло fastening of wires on plugs of the coil of ignition or the generator is faulty.
  3. Malfunction of components of the power supply system or electric equipment (Heads of the Power supply system and release and an engine Electric equipment see) takes place.
  4. Base installations of the block of electronic control (ЕСМ) are broken.
  5. Damage to system of release/kataliticheskom the converter takes place.
  6. Depression losses through прокладочные surfaces of the inlet pipeline or the throttle case take place. Make sure of reliability of a tightening of fixing bolts/nuts, check up the fact and quality of fastening on the unions on the inlet pipeline of all vacuum hoses. Check up a condition of hoses and correctness of their connection (to the unions).
  7. Air (diesel engines) has got to the power supply system.

Stability of single turns of the engine is broken

All engines

  1. Depression losses take place. Make sure of reliability of a tightening of fixing bolts/nuts, check up the fact and quality of fastening on the unions on the inlet pipeline of all vacuum hoses. Hear to the working engine by means of a stethoscope or a piece of a fuel hose, — presence of a hissing sound will allow to reveal "a leak" source.

Not less effectively it is possible to take advantage for check by a solution of soap water.

  1. Malfunction of components of the power supply system or electric equipment (Heads of the Power supply system and release and an engine Electric equipment see) takes place.
  2. Passableness of the valve of system of operated ventilation картера (PCV) (the Engine see the Head) is broken.
  3. Passableness of the air filter (see the Head of the Power supply system and release) is broken.
  4. The fuel pump does not provide giving of enough of fuel to injectors of system of injection (see the Head of the Power supply system and release).
  5. Leaks through a lining of a head of cylinders take place. Make measurement компрессионного pressure in engine cylinders.
  6. Working ledges of cams of a camshaft (the Engine see the Head) are worn out.
  7. It is incorrectly established газораспределительный a belt, or ослабло effort of its tension (Heads Routine maintenance and the Engine see).

Diesel engines

  1. Quality of connections of fuel hoses on ТНВД and the fuel filter is broken. Replace fuel hoses, fix their collars, tighten screws of angular connections.
  2. It is mechanically damaged or ослабло fastening ТНВД. Check up, tighten fixture.
  3. Are mixed by junctions of lines of giving and fuel return. Make corresponding corrections.

Sometimes the screw штуцерного connections of a returnable line is marked by an inscription «OUT».

  1. The line of giving of fuel is damaged:
  • Are mechanically damaged or littered топливопроводные lines. Check up passableness of lines, clean топливопроводы, remove from a path, including the filter air stoppers;
  • The fuel filter is littered. Replace filtering element;
  • In the winter it is necessary to check up the filter and топливопроводы on presence of signs of formation of ice or paraffin. Put the car in heated garage, add in the power supply system of a few gasoline;
  • The path ventilation of a fuel tank or the mesh filter топливозаборника is littered. Check up, clean corresponding lines.
  1. Adjustment of the beginning of giving of fuel is brought down. Check up, make corresponding updating.
  2. Atomizers are faulty. Check up. Consistently release накидные nuts, — at отворачивании nuts of the faulty cylinder engine turns will not fall.
  3. The fuel pump of a high pressure (ТНВД) is faulty. Establish for check new, or obviously serviceable ТНВД.

Stability of functioning of the engine is broken during an acceleration

  1. Serviceability of functioning of the power supply system is broken.
  2. Injectors/atomizers (see the Head of the Power supply system and release) are littered.
  3. Installation of phases газораспределения (the diesel engine) (see the Head of the Power supply system and release) is broken.

Ignition admissions take place at engine work on single turns

  1. Spark plugs are worn out or polluted, or the candle backlash (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) is incorrectly exposed.
  2. Malfunction of components of the power supply system or electric equipment (Heads of the Power supply system and release and an engine Electric equipment see) takes place.
  3. Candle wires (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) are faulty.
  4. The fuel filter is hammered, or in a tank poor quality fuel is filled.
  5. Depression losses in the inlet pipeline, or through шланговые connections (Stability of functioning of the engine see above it is broken during an acceleration) take place.
  6. Has fallen компрессионное pressure, or uniformity of its distribution between cylinders is broken. Make compression measurement (the Engine see the Head).
  7. Infringements in work of a control system as the engine take place.
  8. Hoses of system of ventilation картера (PCV), or ослабла their landing to the reception unions are damaged.

Ignition admissions take place at car movement on transfer

  1. Passableness of the fuel filter is broken or power supply system pollution (see the Head of the Power supply system and release) takes place.
  2. Spark plugs are faulty or polluted or the candle backlash (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) is incorrectly exposed.
  3. Malfunction of components of the power supply system or electric equipment (Heads of the Power supply system and release and an engine Electric equipment see) takes place.
  4. Defect of candle wires (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) takes place.
  5. Components of systems of decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases are faulty.
  6. Has fallen компрессионное pressure, or uniformity of its distribution between cylinders is broken. Make compression measurement (the Engine see the Head).
  7. The ignition system (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) is faulty.
  8. Depression losses on the throttle case, the inlet pipeline or through vacuum hoses (Stability of functioning of the engine see above it is broken during an acceleration) take place.
  9. The fuel pump does not provide a sufficient pressure (see the Head of the Power supply system and release).
  10. Passableness of the ventilating valve of a fuel tank (see the Head of the Power supply system and release) is broken.
  11. Passableness of fuel lines (see the Head of the Power supply system and release) is broken.
  12. Serviceability of functioning of the power supply system (see the Head of the Power supply system and release) is broken.

The engine spontaneously глохнет

  1. Adjustment of turns of idling is broken.
  2. Passableness of the fuel filter is broken or power supply system pollution (see the Head of the Power supply system and release) takes place.
  3. Air (diesel engines) has got to fuel system.
  4. Passableness of a path of system of ventilation of a fuel tank is broken.
  5. Refusal of components of the power supply system or information gauges (see the Head of the Power supply system and release) takes place.
  6. Components of systems of decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases are faulty.
  7. Spark plugs are faulty or polluted, or the candle backlash (Routine maintenance see the Head) is incorrectly exposed. Also check up a condition of candle wires (the engine Electric equipment see the Head).
  8. Depression losses on the throttle case, or through vacuum hoses (Stability of functioning of the engine see above it is broken during an acceleration) take place.

The engine does not develop a total power

All engines

  1. Malfunction of components of the power supply system or electric equipment (Heads of the Power supply system and release and an engine Electric equipment see) takes place.
  2. Passableness of an air cleaner is broken. Clean, or replace the air filter.
  3. Spark plugs are faulty, or the candle backlash (Routine maintenance see the Head) is incorrectly exposed.
  4. The ignition coil (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) is faulty.
  5. There does not correspond to requirements of Specifications level ATF (Heads the Operation manual and Automatic transmission see).
  6. Coupling (Coupling and power shafts see the Head) revolves.
  7. Passableness of the fuel filter is broken or power supply system pollution (see the Head of the Power supply system and release) takes place.
  8. Fuel not that grade is filled. Fill in in a tank fuel with demanded октановым number.
  9. The adjusting valve турбокомпрессора is damaged.
  10. Low компрессионное pressure in everything, or in separate cylinders. Make the compression measurement which analysis of results allows to reveal presence of leaks of valves and-or infringement of tightness of a lining of a head of cylinders (see the Head the Engine).
  11. It is incorrectly established газораспределительный a belt, or ослабло effort of its tension (Heads Routine maintenance and the Engine see).
  12. Brakes "are taken".
  13. Coupling (models with РКПП) (Coupling and power shafts see the Head) revolves.

Diesel engines

  1. The air cleaner is littered. Clear or replace.
  2. Uniformity of distribution of fuel from ТНВД to cylinders is broken. Check up, make corresponding adjustment on the heated-up engine.
  3. The moment of the beginning of giving of fuel ТНВД is incorrectly exposed. Check up, make corresponding updating.
  4. The fuel filter, ТНВД, or any of atomizers is littered. Wash out the preliminary filter, replace an element of the filter of thin clearing, clean a spray or replace the pump / an atomizer.
  5. Adjustment of the maximum frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft is broken.

There are claps in system of an admission or shots in release system

  1. Malfunction of components of the power supply system or electric equipment (Heads of the Power supply system and release and an engine Electric equipment see) takes place.
  2. Defect in a secondary contour of system of ignition (destruction of insulators of spark plugs or defects of candle wires) (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) takes place.
  3. Fuel giving to injection/atomizers injectors (see the Head of the Power supply system and release) is broken.
  4. The system of injection of fuel requires adjustment, or its components (see the Head of the Power supply system and release) are worn excessively out.
  5. Depression losses on the throttle case, the inlet pipeline or through vacuum hoses (see above stability single обротов the engine Is broken) take place.
  6. Valves (the Engine see the Head) are jammed.
  7. The order of connection of candle wires (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) is broken.
  8. It is incorrectly established газораспределительный a belt, or ослабло effort of its tension (Heads Routine maintenance and the Engine see).
  9. At movement with acceleration or uphill there are detonation sounds
  10. In a fuel tank poor quality fuel is filled in.
  11. Malfunction of components of the power supply system or electric equipment (Heads of the Power supply system and release and an engine Electric equipment see) takes place.
  12. Spark plugs not that type are established. Check up candles and coils on presence of damages (the engine Electric equipment see the Head).
  13. Base installations of the block of electronic control are broken.
  14. The detonation gauge is faulty.
  15. Depression losses (see above stability single обротов the engine Is broken) take place.

Takes place калильное ignition (the engine continues to work after ignition deenergizing)

  1. Idling turns (the Engine see the Head) are excessively high.
  2. Malfunction of components of the power supply system or electric equipment (the Electric equipment of the engine and more low the Engine see the Head continues to work after ignition deenergizing) takes place.
  3. The valve of a purge of a coal adsorber of system of catching of fuel evaporations (EVAP) is damaged.
  4. The working temperature of the engine is excessively high. The possible reasons of the given infringement thermostat refusal, blocking of a radiator or infringement of serviceability of functioning of the water pump (see the Head of System of cooling, heating) can be decrease in level of a cooler (see the Head of System of cooling, heating).
  5. Takes place excessive нагарообразование in chambers of combustion of the engine (the Engine see the Head).
  6. The working temperature of the engine is excessively high.
  7. It is faulty запорный the electromagnetic valve (the diesel engine) (see the Head of the Power supply system and release).

The exhaust of the diesel engine is filled excessively with smoke

Black smoke:

  1. The air cleaner is polluted. Blow or replace an element;
  2. In a tank inappropriate fuel is filled. Wash out a tank and replace fuel;
  3. The moment of the beginning of giving ТНВД is incorrectly established.

Dark blue smoke:

  1. Oil hit in chambers of combustion owing to deterioration of piston rings, high level of oil in an air cleaner, deterioration of epiploons in covers турбокомпрессора, formations of thinnesses in a lining between the block-karterom and турбокомпрессором takes place. Repair the engine, establish normal level of oil, replace epiploons, tighten fastening bolts турбокомпрессора or replace a lining;
  2. Fuel giving to one of atomizers is broken. Check up on heating of final branch pipes of a collector;
  3. Quality of dispersion of fuel by an atomizer because of malfunction of the valve or spray breakage is broken. Grind in the valve or replace an atomizer.

White or brown smoke:

  1. The cooling liquid does not get warm to normal working temperature. Check up serviceability of functioning of the thermostat;
  2. Serviceability of functioning of atomizers is broken owing to deterioration or spray damage. Replace a spray.

Noise, smells and the vibrations arising in the course of functioning of the engine

During an acceleration or at loading increase on the engine there are the knocks caused by too early ignition or a detonation

  1. For car refuelling it was used низкооктановый gasoline. Fill in in a fuel tank qualitative fuel.
  2. Installation of a corner of an advancing of ignition is broken. Check up a condition of corresponding information gauges and other components of system of ignition / of engine management. Replace defective units.
  3. It is faulty, or the detonation gauge is too poorly tightened. Infringement of effort of a tightening of the gauge can lead to delay of ignition and, as consequence, decrease in capacity developed by the engine. Estimate a gauge condition, check up effort of its tightening, in case of need make replacement.
  4. Non-standard spark plugs are established. Replace candles, track correctness of installation of interelectrode backlashes.

At car operation in a high-speed mode it is better to establish "colder" candles.

  1. Takes place excessive нагарообразование in combustion chambers. Use special additives to fuel, or make dismantling and декарбонизацию heads of cylinders.
  2. Serviceability of functioning of system of a food / of engine management is broken. Check up a condition of corresponding information gauges and management modules. Replace defective components.
  3. Passableness of a path of system of release of the fulfilled gases is broken. Examine system components on presence of deformations and other mechanical defects. Compare temperature on an input and on an exit каталитического the converter and the muffler, — if the temperature of an entering stream much more surpasses temperature of a corresponding component leaving, hence, passableness is broken.

At engine work there is a high-frequency squeal or whistle

  1. Belts of a drive of auxiliary units, or ослабло effort of their tension are worn out. Check up, make necessary updating, replace the worn out belts.
  2. Bearings натяжителей auxiliary belts are worn out or jammed. Check up натяжители, in case of need make replacement of components.
  3. The water pump is faulty. The pump can not give leaks that does not exclude probability of deterioration of the bearing or easing of landing/jamming of rotors. Replace the pump.

At engine work there is a metal gnash

  1. The water pump, or ослабли bolts of its fastening is faulty. Check up effort of a tightening of fixture, replace the faulty pump.
  2. Bearings натяжителей auxiliary belts are worn out or jammed. Check up натяжители, in case of need make replacement of components.

In an engine operating time there are any knocks

  1. Serviceability of functioning of hydraulic proof-readers клапанных backlashes in pushers (on models of a corresponding complete set) is broken. Check up level and a condition of impellent oil. In case of need replace oil and the oil filter. Check up, whether has occurred схлопывания pushers. Replace defective components. Besides serviceability of functioning of hydraulic pushers depends on pressure of impellent oil, — check up passableness of the oil filter, a condition of the oil pump and it редукционного the valve.
  2. On models with manual adjustment клапанных backlashes it is necessary to check up installation of the last and to estimate degree of deterioration of components ГРМ. In case of need make corresponding updating, replace the failed details.
  3. It is worn out, or the belt / a chain of drive ГРМ is incorrectly adjusted. Check up, execute necessary updatings, replace defective components of a drive.
  4. Cores of inlet or final valves are deformed or are otherwise damaged. Remove a head of cylinders, check up a condition of components клапанных assemblages, replace defective details.

At engine work there is a strong deaf knock

  1. Ослабло fastening of a pulley of a cranked shaft, or a flywheel. Check up, replace fixing bolts and tighten them with demanded effort.
  2. As a result of hydraulic blocking there was a rod deformation (ов). It is necessary to make necessary regenerative repair of the power unit.
  3. Are worn excessively out or damaged шатунные bearings, — this sort of situations arise more often as a result of decrease in oil pressure. Make corresponding regenerative repair of the engine.

At engine work in salon and near to the car there is a distinct smell of gasoline

  1. Check up fuel level, - tank overflow can lead to insignificant leaks of fuel through a mouth. The smell should disappear already on the first 20—25 km of run as a result of a purge of a coal adsorber.
  2. Tightness of landing of a cover of a jellied mouth of a fuel tank is broken. Check up, tighten a cover, in case of need make its replacement.
  3. Ослабли collars of fastening of hoses of lines of giving or return of fuel of a path of the power supply system. Check up reliability of fastening of collars, in case of need make corresponding replacements. The probability of failure of sealing epiploons of active components of the power supply system is not excluded also. Check up, replace defective epiploons.
  4. Estimate profitability of the expense of fuel. If the expense increase is connected with refusal of functioning of any components, or with infringement of serviceability of ignition of an air-fuel mix, there can be a pollution каталитического the converter. Usually about this sort of occurrence of situations of the driver warns operation of a control lamp «Check up the engine». Check up a condition of spark plugs, or carry out the analysis of structure of the fulfilled gases. Replace faulty candles and the failed components of the power supply system.

At work of the engine near to the car there is a hydrogen sulphide smell (rotten eggs)

  1. As a result of giving in chambers of combustion of the reimpoverished mix there is an overheat каталитического the converter in which thus there is an irreversible chemical reaction to hydrogen sulphide allocation. Check up serviceability of a condition of a sealing lining and vacuum lines of an inlet path, make necessary corrections.
  2. As a result of infringement of serviceability of functioning of the generator or a pressure regulator there is the constant recharge of the storage battery accompanied by boiling up of electrolit. Attentively examine the battery case on presence of cracks, swellings and other damages. In case of need remove the battery and before installation new carefully wash out a surface of the basic pallet baking soda. Check up serviceability of functioning of the generator / of a regulator of pressure, make necessary regenerative repair or replace the failed components.

At work of the engine near to the car there is a sweetish smell

  1. External leaks of a cooling liquid take place. Check up a condition of a cover of a radiator, epiploons and sealing linings of components охладительного a path estimate reliability of a tightening шланговых collars. Tighten fixture, replace the failed components.
  2. Leaks of a cooling liquid through a radiator, a broad tank or the heater heat exchanger take place. Attentively examine a radiator and a broad tank, check up, whether is not present потеков a liquid on rugs under the panel of devices.
  3. As a result of development of internal leaks there is a hit of a cooling liquid in combustion chambers that is usually accompanied by allocation of a dense white smoke / of steam on an exhaust. This sort of situation can result from destruction of a lining of a head of cylinders, and also occurrence of cracks in a body of the block / of a head of cylinders. Additional symptoms of presence of internal leaks of a cooling liquid are formation of a whitish touch on an internal surface of a cover of a jellied mouth of impellent oil, and also deformation or a swelling радиаторных hoses.

At engine work on single turns there are strong vibrations

  1. Ослабло fastening of support of a suspension bracket of the power unit, or their rubber pillows are worn out. Check up a condition of support, tighten fixture, replace the failed components.
  2. Protection elements картера, or ослабло their fastening are deformed. Check up, tighten fixture, restore the initial form of protective plates.

Intensity of vibrations raises during an acceleration

  1. Are damaged or lost rubber подвесы support of elements of system of release of the fulfilled gases. Check up, replace defective components.
  2. Correctness of a lining of sections of system of release of the fulfilled gases is broken. Estimate adequacy of a lining, track, that components of system of release did not adjoin with кузовными elements and suspension bracket elements.

Engine electric equipment

Procedures of diagnostics of an electronic control system and codes of malfunctions are resulted in the Head an engine Electric equipment.

The battery "does not hold" a charge

  1. It is worn out or damaged приводной a generator belt, or adjustment of its tension (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) is broken.
  2. Level of electrolit is insufficient or the battery (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) is strongly discharged.
  3. Corrosion of plugs of the battery, or ослабло fastening on them of tips of wires (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) takes place.
  4. The generator does not provide a demanded current of a charge (the engine Electric equipment see the Head).
  5. Electroconducting зарядного a contour, or ослабло fastening of wires on plugs (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) is torn off or is in some other way damaged.
  6. The short circuit of electroconducting creating constant leak of a current developed by the battery on weight (the Electric equipment of the engine and Basic schemes of electric connections see the Head) takes place.
  7. Internal defect of the battery takes place.

The control lamp of gymnastics does not die away at increase in turns

  1. It is weakened приводной a belt. Check up натяжитель клинового a belt.
  2. Level of impellent oil has fallen, or oil not that grade (Routine maintenance see the Head) is filled.
  3. The gauge of pressure of oil (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) is faulty.
  4. Bearings of the engine / of the oil pump (the Engine see the Head) are worn excessively out.
  5. The working temperature of the engine is excessively high.
  6. It is faulty редукционный the valve of the oil pump (the Engine see the Head).
  7. Passableness of the mesh filter маслозаборника is broken. Remove the pallet картера, clean the filter (the Engine see the Head).
  8. It is damaged обгонная муфта (only a turbodiesel). Remove the generator and turn its power shaft to the left. If the working surface of a pulley does not rotate, a refusal source, as a rule, is обгонная муфта.
  9. The regulator of pressure / the generator is damaged. Disconnect a wire (In +) from an underside of the generator and include ignition, — if now the control lamp does not work, malfunction, as a rule, it appears in a regulator of pressure or in the generator.
  10. Brushes are worn out. Visually check up brushes, in case of need make replacement.
  11. The regulator is damaged. Check up, in case of need make replacement.
  12. The generator is damaged. Check up, in case of need make replacement.
  13. Electroconducting on a chain site between the generator and a pressure regulator is damaged.
  14. The combination of devices is damaged.

The control lamp of gymnastics does not light up at ignition key turn in position «ON» (at ignition inclusion)

  1. The control lamp on the panel of devices (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) has fused or has otherwise failed.
  2. The generator (the engine Electric equipment see the Head) is faulty.
  3. Defect of the printed-circuit board, conducting in an instrument guard or a lamp cartridge (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head) takes place.

The control lamp of a charge continues to burn after ignition deenergizing

  1. Diodes are punched. Check up, in case of need replace диодную assemblage.

Starter

  1. If the starter is not turned, first of all it is necessary to check up presence of necessary pressure (a minimum 10) on the plug 50 traction relays (the engine Electric equipment see the Head). If the result of check appears below the stipulated value, pass to check of a condition of electroconducting of a chain of a starter (schemes of electric connections see).
  2. Check of serviceability of operation of a starter at full pressure of the battery, can be made as follows:
  • Not including transfers, include ignition;
  • Перемкните plugs 30 and 50 starters a wire of section a minimum of 4 mm 2.
  1. If the starter works faultlessly, it is necessary to search for a cause of defect in a condition of electroconducting of its chain. If the starter does not earn, it should be checked up in the removed condition.
    Indispensable condition of check is reliability of fastening of contact plugs and absence on them of oxidation traces.

The starter does not rotate at поворачивании a key in the ignition lock in position III

  1. The battery is discharged. Charge the battery.
  2. Перемкните plugs 30 and 50 starters: the Starter rotates. Breakage of a wire 50 to the ignition lock, is faulty the starter switch. Eliminate breakage, replace defective details.
  3. The grounding tyre is torn off, or quality of its fastening is broken. Check up a condition of wires of the battery, measure pressure of the battery, in case of need make additional charge.
  4. Contact connections are oxidised, or quality from fastening on plugs is broken. Smooth out polar plugs of the battery, check up quality of connection of the electroconducting laid between the battery, a starter and weight.
  5. There is no pressure on the plug 50 traction relays. Wire breakage, the starter switch is faulty.

The starter rotates in a slowed-up way and does not turn a cranked shaft

  1. The battery is discharged. Charge the battery.
  2. Summer oil (in a cold season) is filled in. Fill in all-weather oil. Contact connections are oxidised, or quality from fastening on plugs is broken. Smooth out polar plugs of the battery, check up quality of connection of the electroconducting laid between the battery, a starter and weight.
  3. Coal brushes insufficiently densely adjoin to a collector, заедают in directing, are worn out, broken, made oily or polluted. Check up a condition of brushes and their directing, make corresponding corrections.
  4. Insufficient distance between brushes and a collector. Replace brushes and clear directing brushes.
  5. The collector surface has burnt through, is made oily, or on it furrows were formed. Process a collector, in case of need replace an anchor.
  6. There is no pressure on the corresponding plug of the traction relay (a minimum 10). Check up a condition of the switch of a starter and the traction relay.
  7. The bearing is broken. Check up a bearing condition, in case of need make replacement.
  8. The traction relay is faulty. Check up, in case of need make replacement.

The starter does not provide uniformity проворачивания the engine

  1. The gear wheel drive is faulty. Check up, in case of need make replacement.
  2. The gear wheel is polluted. Clear a gear wheel.
  3. The gear wreath of a flywheel is damaged. Process a gear wreath, in case of need replace a flywheel.

The starter gear wheel is not deduced from gearing with a gear wreath of a flywheel

  1. The gear wheel drive is damaged, or the carving is polluted. Clean a drive, in case of need make replacement.
  2. The traction relay is faulty. Replace the traction relay.
  3. Ослабла or the returnable spring has broken. Replace a spring.

The starter continues to work after отпускания the ignition key

  1. There was a refusal of switching-off of the traction relay as a result of jamming. Immediately switch off ignition and make relay replacement.
  2. The ignition lock is not disconnected. Disconnect the battery, replace замковую assemblage.

The power supply system

The fuel expense is excessive

All engines

  1. Passableness of an air cleaner is broken. Check up, in case of need make replacement of a filtering element (see the Head of the Power supply system and release).
  2. Malfunction of components of the power supply system, electric equipment or electronic control system (Heads of the Power supply system and release and an engine Electric equipment see) takes place.
  3. Leaks in an inlet air path take place.
  4. The system of release of the fulfilled gases / каталитический the converter is damaged.
  5. Pressure of a rating of tyres does not suffice, or tyres not that standard size are established.

The diesel engine

  1. Passableness of a line of return of fuel is broken. Blow air a line going from ТНВД to a fuel tank.
  2. The maximum turns and idling turns are excessively high. Check up, in case of need make corresponding adjustments.
  3. The engine has mechanical damages. Check up компрессионное pressure, in case of need make corresponding regenerative repair of the engine (the Engine see the Head).

In salon there is a fuel smell

  1. The fuel tank (see the Head of the Power supply system and release) is damaged.
  2. The fuel tank is overflowed. Stop refuelling at once at automatic switching-off of a pistol.
  3. Leaks of fuel or fuel evaporations from lines of power supply systems and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases (see the Head of the Power supply system and release) take place.

The engine is not started

  1. The electric fuel pump does not work at starter inclusion (it is not audible a characteristic sound). For the purpose of elimination of possible jamming, slightly knock on the pump case. Check up serviceability of giving on the pump of pressure of a food. Check up a condition of a corresponding safety lock. Check up a condition клеммных connections in a pump chain.
  2. The relay of the fuel pump is faulty. Check up the relay.
  3. Has worked the emergency switch of giving of fuel under a seat of the driver (at a corresponding complete set of the car). Drown the switch button.
  4. Залипли valves of injectors. Check up injectors, in case of need make replacement. Check up serviceability of giving on injectors of pressure of a food for what disunite sockets of their electroconducting. Attach диодную a control lamp to a wire and include a starter, — the control lamp should start to blink.
  5. There is no signal from position of a camshaft or the gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid. Check up a condition of corresponding electroconducting. Make reading of codes of malfunctions.
  6. Are damaged, littered or негерметичны топливопроводы, there are defects of hoses.
  7. The fuel filter is littered.
  8. As a result of tightness infringement in system of release of the fulfilled gases подсасывается additional air.
  9. Vacuum hoses are damaged, or infringement of tightness of their connection takes place.
  10. The regulator of pressure of fuel is damaged. Check up residual pressure.
  11. The gauge of position throttle заслонки is damaged.
  12. Food giving to the electronic block of engine management is broken.
  13. In the fuel filter or топливопроводах the diesel engine ice, or paraffin was formed.
  14. Passableness of a path of ventilation of a fuel tank / is broken the filter is littered.
  15. Serviceability of functioning of system of preheat is broken.
  16. The valve отсечки fuel givings in the diesel engine is damaged.
  17. The moment of the beginning of giving of fuel (diesel engine) is brought down.
  18. Atomizers of the diesel engine are damaged. Turn on consistently накидные nuts, — at отворачивании nuts of the faulty cylinder engine turns will not fall.
  19. It is faulty ТНВД.

Start / is complicated stability of functioning of the cold engine is broken

  1. The maintenance монооксида carbon (WITH) does not correspond to standard requirements. Check up level of the maintenance WITH and installation of turns of idling.
  2. The gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid or soaked up air is faulty. Check up gauges.
  3. Pressure of fuel does not correspond to demanded value. Check up pressure of fuel.
  4. As a result of tightness infringement in system of release of the fulfilled gases подсасывается additional air.

Start / is complicated stability of functioning of the warm engine is broken

  1. Tightness of an inlet air path is broken. For check leave the engine working on single turns and moisten places of joints of an inlet path with gasoline. If turns short time increase, eliminate tightness causes of infringement.

Try not to inhale toxic steams of gasoline!

  1. The return valve of the fuel pump is damaged.
  2. Leaks in the power supply system take place.
  3. Pressure of fuel in the power supply system is raised.
  4. Serviceability of functioning of system of catching of fuel evaporations (EVAP) is broken.
  5. Passableness of a line of return of fuel is broken as a result of its internal blocking, or mechanical deformation of a tube.
  6. Залипли valves of injectors. Check up injectors, in case of need make replacement. Check up serviceability of giving on injectors of pressure of a food for what disunite sockets of their electroconducting. Attach диодную a control lamp to a wire and include a starter, — the control lamp should start to blink.
  7. There is no signal from the gauge of position of a camshaft or the gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid. Check up a condition of corresponding electroconducting. Make reading of codes of malfunctions.
  8. As a result of tightness infringement in system of release of the fulfilled gases подсасывается additional air.
  9. Vacuum hoses are damaged, or infringement of tightness of their connection takes place.
  10. The regulator of pressure of fuel is damaged. Check up residual pressure.
  11. The gauge of position throttle заслонки is damaged.
  12. Food giving to the electronic block of engine management is broken.

The engine works with faults

  1. Astable infringements of quality of contact connections of the fuel pump take place. Check up a condition of contact plugs and sockets of electroconducting of the fuel pump, a measuring instrument of a stream of air and the relay of the fuel pump. Check up a condition of a corresponding safety lock and contact plugs of the relay. Smooth out contact surfaces, in case of need make replacement of the failed components.
  2. For car refuelling poor quality fuel is used, or in fuel lines steam stoppers are formed. Fill in in a tank fuel of demanded type.
  3. The expense of fuel submitted to the engine is insufficient. Check up productivity of the pump.
  4. The fuel filter is faulty. Check up, in case of need make replacement.
  5. The fuel pump is faulty. Check up, in case of need make replacement.
  6. Injectors are faulty. Check up, in case of need make replacement.
  7. The oxygen gauge is faulty, infringements in a chain of quality management of a mix take place, or the heating of the gauge is broken.
  8. The gauge of position throttle заслонки (TPS) is faulty. Check up TPS, in case of need make replacement.
  9. The final collector or reception pipe of system of release (leaks of exhaust gases take place) is damaged.
  10. There is no signal from the gauge of position of a camshaft or the gauge of temperature of a cooling liquid. Check up a condition of corresponding electroconducting. Make reading of codes of malfunctions.
  11. As a result of tightness infringement in system of release of the fulfilled gases подсасывается additional air.
  12. Vacuum hoses are damaged, or infringement of tightness of their connection takes place.
  13. The regulator of pressure of fuel is damaged. Check up residual pressure.
  14. The gauge of position throttle заслонки is damaged.
  15. Food giving to the electronic block of engine management is broken.
  16. Serviceability of functioning of system of catching of fuel evaporations (EVAP) is broken.
  17. Ослабло fastening of fuel hoses to ТНВД and to the fuel filter of the diesel engine.
  18. At connection are mixed by places of a line of giving and return of fuel ТНВД (the diesel engine).

The engine works with faults on transitive modes and an idling mode

  1. Tightness of an inlet air path is broken. For check leave the engine working on single turns and moisten places of joints of an inlet path with gasoline. If turns short time increase, eliminate tightness causes of infringement.

Try not to inhale toxic steams of gasoline!

  1. Installation of turns of idling is broken. Check up a regulator, the gauge of position throttle заслонки (TPS) and ljambda-adjustment.
  2. The gauge of position throttle заслонки is faulty or incorrectly adjusted. Check up the gauge.

Start of the hot engine is complicated

  1. The maintenance монооксида carbon (WITH) does not correspond to standard requirements. Check up level of the maintenance WITH and installation of turns of idling.
  2. Too a high pressure in fuel system. Check up pressure of fuel, in case of need make replacement of a regulator of pressure.
  3. The returnable pipeline between a regulator of pressure and a fuel tank is littered or will drive. Clean or replace the pipeline.
  4. The gauge of temperature of the engine is faulty. Check up the temperature gauge.
  5. Негерметична the power supply system. Make visual survey of all connections in the field of the engine and the electric fuel pump. Tighten all connections.
  6. Негерметична system of an admission of air. Check up all connections of inlet system.

The engine continues to work after ignition deenergizing

  1. Негерметичны injectors. Check up injectors.
  2. The valve отсечки fuel (the diesel engine) is faulty.

System of release of the fulfilled gases

Engine functioning occurs to the raised noise background

  1. Tightness of a path of final system is broken.
  2. Elements of system of release of the fulfilled gases contact with components of a body and / or suspension brackets (Heads of the Power supply system and release and the Body see).

Greasing system

At inclusion of ignition the corresponding control lamp does not work

  1. The gauge of pressure of oil is faulty. Include ignition, disconnect a wire from the gauge of pressure of oil and close it on weight. If the lamp lights up, replace the gauge.
  2. Giving on the gauge of pressure of a food is broken owing to oxidation of contact connections. Check up a condition of plugs of electroconducting.
  3. The control lamp is faulty. Replace a control lamp.
  4. The monitor is faulty. Replace a monitor.

The control lamp does not die away after short time after realisation of start of the engine

  1. The oil overheat takes place, — if the lamp dies away at squeezing of a pedal of the gas, any measures it is not required.

The control lamp does not die away after giving of gas or lights up during movement

  1. Pressure of oil is insufficiently high. Check up oil level, in case of need make corresponding updating (Routine maintenance see the Head). Check up pressure of oil.
  2. Short circuit on weight of the pressure of a wire brought to the gauge takes place. Disconnect electroconducting from the gauge and take aside (without closing on weight), include ignition, — if the lamp lights up, check up a wire.
  3. The gauge of pressure of oil is faulty. Check up, in case of need make replacement.

Pressure of oil remains insufficiently high at any turns

  1. Oil level has excessively fallen. Check up, in case of need make corresponding updating (Routine maintenance see the Head).
  2. Passableness of the mesh filter маслозаборника is broken. Remove the pallet картера, clean the filter.
  3. The oil pump is worn out. Remove and check up the oil pump, in case of need make replacement.
  4. Bearings of shaft are damaged. Remove the engine, make necessary regenerative repair (the Engine see the Head).

Pressure of oil is insufficiently high on small turns

  1. The reduktsionnyj valve залип abroach as a result of pollution. Remove and check up the valve.

Pressure of oil excessively rises at turns from above 2000 in a minute

  1. The reduktsionnyj valve does not open as a result of pollution. Remove and check up the valve.

Cooling system

Overheat

  1. Level of a cooling liquid of the engine (see the Head of System of cooling, heating) has fallen.
  2. It is worn out or damaged приводной a belt of the water pump, or adjustment of its tension (Heads Routine maintenance and the Engine see) is broken.
  3. Internal channels of a radiator are blocked, or passableness of a lattice of a radiator (see the Head of System of cooling, heating) is broken.
  4. The thermostat (see the Head of System of cooling, heating) is faulty.
  5. Треснуты or blades крыльчатки the fan of system of cooling (see the Head of System of cooling, heating) are otherwise damaged.
  6. The fan gauge-switch is faulty.
  7. The index of temperature of a cooling liquid is faulty.
  8. The pump of a cooling liquid is faulty. Remove and check up the pump.
  9. Does not hold pressure a radiator cover. Make cover check under pressure.

Overcooling

  1. The thermostat (see the Head of System of cooling, heating) is faulty.
  2. Indications of a measuring instrument of temperature are inexact.

External leaks of a cooling liquid

  1. Hoses, or ослабло their fastening on unions are damaged or destroyed as a result of ageing of a material. Replace hoses / tighten collars of their fastening (see the Head of System of cooling, heating).
  2. Epiploons of the water pump are damaged, — the cooling liquid will exude through a control aperture in the pump case (see the Head of System of cooling, heating).
  3. Leaks from internal channels of a radiator or its lateral tank (ов) take place. Professional repair of a radiator (the description of procedure of removal is resulted in the Head of System of cooling, heating) Is required.
  4. Leaks through a drain stopper of the engine (the Engine see the Head) or выжимные stoppers of water galleries (see the Head of System of cooling, heating) take place.

Internal leaks of a cooling liquid

Internal leaks of a cooler usually come to light by check of a condition of impellent oil. Examine an edge measuring щупа and internal surfaces of a cover (covers) of cylinders on presence of traces of hit of a liquid and foaming signs in oil.

  1. Leaks through a lining of a head of cylinders take place. Make check of system of cooling by pressure.
  2. There are cracks on walls of cylinders or in head moulding. For check disassemble the engine (the Engine see the Head).

There are losses of a cooling liquid

  1. In system the cooling liquid (see the Head of System of cooling, heating) is filled too much.
  2. The cooling liquid boils away as a result of an engine overheat.
  3. Internal or external leaks of a cooler (see above) take place.
  4. The radiator cover is faulty. Check up a cover pressure.

Circulation of a cooling liquid is broken

  1. Serviceability of functioning of the water pump is broken. For check press the top hose of a radiator at the engine working on single turns, — if at отпускании a hose the push of a liquid in it is felt, the pump functions regularly (see the Head of System of cooling, heating).
  2. Passableness of system of cooling is broken. Merge cooling liquid, wash out system and fill with its fresh mix (see the Head of System of cooling, heating). In case of need remove a radiator (see the Head of System of cooling, heating) and spend it обратнопоточную washing.
  3. It is worn out or damaged приводной a belt of the water pump, or adjustment of its tension (Heads Routine maintenance and the Engine see) is broken.
  4. The thermostat (see the Head of System of cooling, heating) is jammed.

System of heating of salon

The heater fan does not rotate

  1. The safety lock of the electromotor of a drive of the fan is faulty. Check up a condition of a corresponding safety lock (the Onboard electric equipment see the Head), in case of need make replacement.
  2. The fan switch is faulty.
  3. It is faulty приводной the electromotor. Check up serviceability of giving on the motor of pressure of a food at the included ignition and the closed condition of the switch of management. If pressure moves regularly, replace the electromotor.

Serviceability of functioning of the fan of a heater in any of high-speed modes is broken

  1. Resistive assemblage is faulty. Check up, in case of need make replacement.

The heater does not manage to be switched off by means of the switch

  1. The switch is faulty. Check up, in case of need make replacement.
  2. Are damaged приводные cables mixing заслонки, or their mobility is broken. Replace cables.

The heater does not provide demanded intensity of heating of air submitted to salon

  1. Level of a cooling liquid has excessively fallen. Check up, in case of need make corresponding updating (Routine maintenance see the Head).
  2. Assemblage of management by heater functioning is faulty. Check up, in case of need make replacement failed приводного a cable.

Functioning of the fan of a heater is accompanied by the raised noise background

  1. In крыльчатку the fan or a sleeve of air lines the dust has got. Check up, in case of need remove the fan and remove dust.
  2. Balancing krylchatki/is broken the bearing is damaged. Remove приводной the electromotor, check up freedom of rotation of corresponding components.

Coupling

Coupling is not switched off (freedom of switching of control lever РКПП in position of a reverse gear and is broken back at the pedal of coupling squeezed out to a floor)

  1. Will drive or is otherwise damaged a coupling disk (Coupling and power shafts see the Head).

Coupling revolves (engine turns raise without increase in speed of movement of the car)

  1. The coupling disk is polluted by oil or its frictional overlays are wiped. Remove coupling (Coupling and power shafts see the Head) and check up a condition of its components. In case of need make assemblage replacement.
  2. The coupling disk was not earned extra properly. For definitive extra earnings of a new disk it can be demanded from 30 to 40 normal starts of the car.
  3. The disk / a coupling basket (Coupling and power shafts see the Head) is worn out press.

At coupling inclusion there is a strong vibration

  1. The coupling disk is made oily. Remove coupling (Coupling and power shafts see the Head) and check up a condition of its components. Eliminate the reason of development of leaks of oil.
  2. Are worn out шлицы naves of a conducted disk (a coupling disk). Remove coupling (Coupling and power shafts see the Head) and check up a condition of its components.
  3. The basket of coupling or flywheel will drive press a disk/. Remove coupling (Coupling and power shafts see the Head) and check up a condition of its components. Check up a flywheel condition.

Jerks at coupling use are felt jerks

  1. Support of a suspension bracket of the power unit are damaged. Check up, in case of need make replacement.
  2. Transmission fastening is weakened. Tighten fixing bolts.
  3. Uniformity прилегания a press disk is broken. Replace a coupling basket.
  4. Centering of a box of transfer concerning a cranked shaft is broken. Check up centering.

At full inclusion of coupling (the pedal is released) there is a squeal or a roar

  1. It is jammed выжимной the coupling bearing. Remove coupling (Coupling and power shafts see the Head) and check up a bearing condition. Remove all agnails and teases, before installation into place grease the bearing.

Squeal or roar arise at full deenergizing of coupling (the pedal is squeezed out)

  1. It is worn out or damaged выжимной the bearing (Coupling and power shafts see the Head).
  2. Springs (or diaphragm petals) a press disk in a coupling basket (Coupling and power shafts see the Head) are worn out or damaged.

The pedal of coupling after отпускания remains squeezed out to a floor

  1. The piston of the main or executive cylinder of coupling is jammed. Damage of components of a hydrodrive or выжимного the bearing takes place. Check up a condition of components, in case of need make corresponding replacements.

Manual box of a gear change (РКПП)

At established on neutral transfer of a check point to an engine operating time extraneous noise take place

  1. The bearing of a primary shaft is worn out.
  2. The bearing of a leading gear wheel of a conducted shaft is damaged.
  3. Bearings of an intermediate shaft are worn out.
  4. Washers of adjustment axial люфта an intermediate shaft are worn out or damaged.

Extraneous noise take place in any position РКПП

  1. Any of the reasons set forth above and / or:
  2. In РКПП the insufficient quantity трансмиссионного oils (its level has fallen) is filled in.

Extraneous noise arise on any concrete transfer

  1. Teeth of a gear wheel of the given transfer is worn out, damaged or chopped off.
  2. The synchronizer of the given transfer is worn out or damaged.

Occurs «соскакивание» a check point from the higher transfer

  1. Between a boat of a box and the engine the dirt or a box has got was displaced in relation to the engine.

At a gear change there are complications

  1. It is not completely squeezed out coupling (is switched off).
  2. Draught of switching is damaged, ослабло its fastening or adjustment is broken. Make careful check of a condition of components, in case of need replace the defective.

Leaks трансмиссионного oils take place

  1. In a check point the excessive quantity трансмиссионного oils is filled. In case of need merge surplus.
  2. Differential epiploons require replacement.

Automatic transmission (АТ)

Procedures of diagnostics of an electronic control system by transmission and codes of malfunctions are resulted in the Head an engine Electric equipment.

In view of complexity of design АТ diagnostics of its malfunctions and repair of components is desirable for spending in a workshop of car-care centre or representation branch of company Opel.

The shared problems connected with functioning of the mechanism of switching

  1. It is possible to carry the following to number of the refusals connected with infringement of adjustment of draught of switching:
  • Engine start is possible at the positions of transmission which are distinct from «Р» (Parking) and «N» (Neutral);
  • Indications of the indicator of position of transmission differ from really chosen transfer;
  • The car moves at the transmission established in position «Р» or «N»;
  • Transfers are switched hardly or any way.

Make adjustment of draught of a gear change (the Manual transmission see the Head).

Transmission revolves, is switched hardly, publishes extraneous noise or does not provide car movement at installation on one of lobbies or a reverse gear

There is a set of the possible reasons of the problems listed in heading, however under the competence of the mechanic-fan one of them — wrong level трансмиссионной liquids gets only.

Before driving away the car in a car-care centre workshop check up level and a condition трансмиссионной liquids (Routine maintenance see the Head). Modify level according to requirements of Specifications or replace a liquid together with the filter. If a situation was not corrected, address for the help to experts.

Leaks трансмиссионной liquids take place

Liquid АТ has dark red colour. Traces of its leaks should not be confused to traces of impellent oil which can be taken down on картер transmissions by a running stream of air.

For revealing and localisation of a source of leak first of all remove from a transmission boat all traces of a dirt and greasing. Take advantage approaching обезжиривателем and / or make steam cleaning. Then make on the car a short trip on small speed (that leak traces did not communicate a running stream far from its source). Stop, поддомкратьте the car and by visual survey establish a leak source. More often as those act:

  • The pallet картера transmissions: Tighten fixing bolts and / or replace a pallet lining;
  • Tube of a gulf of a liquid: Replace rubber consolidation in a place of an input of a tube in картер transmissions;
  • Lines трансмиссионной liquids: Tighten штуцерные connections or replace lines;
  • Ventilating tube: Transmission is overflowed and / or water has got to it.

Oil has brown colour or smells as ashes

  1. Low level of a liquid in a box (Routine maintenance see the Head)

Mode Kickdown (at full squeezing of a pedal of gas the hill-climbing gear does not join) does not join

  1. Low level of a liquid in a box (Routine maintenance see the Head)
  2. Malfunction in a control system of the engine (the Electronic control system of ignition (and injection) petrol engines and System of preheat and heating of fuel of the diesel engine of the Head an engine Electric equipment see)
  3. Malfunction of the gauge or its conducting (Automatic transmission see the Head)
  4. Adjustment of a cable of the selector (Automatic transmission see the Head) is broken

The engine is not started at any position of the selector or started in any position, except Р and R

  1. Adjustment of the gauge-switch of the permission of start (Automatic transmission see the Head) is broken
  2. Malfunction in a control system of the engine (the Electronic control system of ignition (and injection) petrol engines and System of preheat and heating of fuel of the diesel engine of the Head an engine Electric equipment see)
  3. Adjustment of a cable of the selector (Automatic transmission see the Head) is broken

Coupling revolves, jerks or noise take place at a gear change; the car is not set in motion at inclusion of modes D or R

  1. Low level of a liquid in a box (Routine maintenance see the Head)
  2. Malfunction of the gauge of position of the selector or its conducting (Automatic transmission see the Head)
  3. Malfunction in a control system of the engine (the Electronic control system of ignition (and injection) petrol engines and System of preheat and heating of fuel of the diesel engine of the Head an engine Electric equipment see)

Bridges

Extraneous noise

  1. Usual road noise. To updating do not give in.
  2. Noise of tyres. Check up a condition of protectors and pressure of a rating of tyres.
  3. Bearings of wheels, or ослабло effort of their tightening are worn out or damaged.

Vibrations

  1. Check up a condition of bearings of wheels, serially поддомкрачивая corresponding from corners of the car and rotating a wheel in the manual. Listen thus to sounds starting with the bearing. Remove bearings and check up their condition.

Oil leaks

  1. Epiploons of power shafts (Coupling and power shafts see the Head) are damaged.

Brake system

Before to come to the definitive conclusion about presence of problems with brake system, make sure that tyres are in a satisfactory condition and are pumped up with demanded pressure, adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels and the car is not broken is not loaded in the non-uniform image.

The course of a pedal of a foot brake is increased

  1. The brake contour has failed. Check up, whether the brake liquid follows.

The pedal of a foot brake has excessively soft course and fails

  1. The brake contour has got air. Pump over system.
  2. Liquid level in tank GTTS has fallen. Add a fresh brake liquid, pump over system.
  3. In brake lines steam stoppers are formed. It is shown, mainly, at frequent intensive braking. Replace a brake liquid, remove air from system.

Braking occurs to insufficient efficiency, the pedal of a foot brake fails

  1. Tightness of a brake path is broken. Check up reliability of a tightening corresponding штуцерных connections, defective components replace.
  2. Cuffs in the main thing or wheel cylinders are damaged. Check up, replace defective components. Check up a condition of internal components ГТЦ, in case of need make cylinder replacement.
  3. The sealing cuff of the piston is damaged. Repair a support.
  4. Frictional overlays колодок are made oily. Check up, replace brake колодки.
  5. Are established improper or hardened колодки. Replace колодки.
  6. The servo-driver of the vacuum amplifier of brakes is faulty. Check up the brake amplifier, make necessary corrections / of replacement.
  7. Are worn out brake колодки. Replace колодки.

At braking course stability is broken, the car withdraws aside

  1. Pressure in tyres does not correspond to the nominal. Check up, modify pressure in tyres.
  2. Tyres are worn non-uniformly out. Replace the worn out tyres.
  3. Frictional overlays колодок are made oily. Check up, replace brake колодки.
  4. On one axis are established different brake колодки. Replace колодки.
  5. Brake колодки are worn out. Replace колодки.
  6. Mines of supports are polluted. Clear directing and landing surfaces колодок in a support.
  7. Cylinders of brake supports are amazed by corrosion. Replace a corresponding support.
  8. Are worn non-uniformly out колодки. Replace brake колодки (on both wheels).

Brakes (braking occurs spontaneously) are taken

  1. The compensatory aperture in the main brake cylinder is littered. Clean ГТЦ, replace the failed internal elements.
  2. The backlash between приводным a rod and the piston of the main brake cylinder is excessively small. Check up a backlash, make necessary corrections.

Brake mechanisms overheat during movement

  1. The compensatory aperture in the main brake cylinder is littered. Clean ГТЦ, replace the failed internal elements.
  2. The backlash between приводным a rod and the piston of the main brake cylinder is excessively small. Check up a backlash, make necessary corrections.

During braking there are vibrations

  1. Are established колодки inadequate type. Replace колодки, establish original колодки Opel.
  2. Brake disk in places корродирован. Carefully grind a brake disk.
  3. The brake disk has lateral palpation. A disk process or replace.

Brake колодки do not depart from a brake disk, the wheel is hardly turned manually

  1. Cylinders of brake supports are amazed by corrosion. Repair a support, probably replace.

Non-uniform deterioration колодок

  1. Are established колодки inappropriate type. Replace колодки, establish original колодки Opel.
  2. The support is polluted. Clean support mine.
  3. The piston stroke is complicated. Eliminate a hindrance.
  4. Tightness of a brake path is broken. Check up, eliminate the reasons of the revealed leaks.

Klinoobraznyj deterioration brake колодок

  1. Parallelism of installation of a support concerning a brake disk is broken. Check up surfaces прилегания a support.
  2. Supports are amazed by corrosion. Eliminate pollution.
  3. Serviceability of functioning of the piston is broken. Check up piston position, make necessary corrections.

Scratch of brakes

  1. Often reason of occurrence of a scratch of brakes appears in atmospheric influence (humidity of air). If the scratch appears after long parking at the raised humidity and then vanishes, anything it is not necessary to do.
  2. Are established колодки inappropriate type. Replace колодки, establish original колодки Opel, cover basis plates противоскрипной with paste.
  3. Parallelism of installation of a support concerning a brake disk is broken. Check up surfaces прилегания a support.
  4. The support mine is polluted. Clean mine.
  5. Погнуты fastening springs колодок. Replace springs.

During braking there are pedal pulsations

  1. Normal reaction of a brake contour to operation ABS.
  2. The size of lateral palpation of a brake disk is excessive, or the admission on a thickness is broken. Replace size of palpation and a thickness of a disk. Pierce a disk, or replace.
  3. The brake disk rotates not in parallel a support. Check up a surface прилегания a support.

Control lamp ABS lights up during movement

  1. Pressure of a food (more low 10) has fallen. Check up pressure. Check up, whether the control lamp of the generator after engine start dies away. If everything is all right, check up a condition and effort of a tension клинового a belt of a drive of the generator.
  2. Serviceability of functioning ABS is broken. Estimate quality of contact connections, check up reliability of the organisation of grounding of the returnable pump of the hydromodulator on weight.

Suspension bracket and steering

Course stability (the car at movement withdraws in one of the parties) is broken

  1. Tyres are pumped non-uniformly up.
  2. Defect of tyres takes place.
  3. Suspension bracket or steering components (the Suspension bracket and a steering see the Head) are worn excessively out.
  4. Carrying out of adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels is required.
  5. Forward brake mechanisms (the Brake system see the Head) are taken.

Jerks, дерганье or vibrations take place

  1. Balancing of wheels is broken, or there was an ovality of disks. Make balancing in шиномонтажной a workshop.
  2. Bearings of wheels are worn out, ослабло effort of their tightening or pretightness adjustment (the Suspension bracket and a steering see the Head) is broken.
  3. Shock-absorbers or other components of a suspension bracket (the Suspension bracket and a steering see the Head) are worn out or damaged.

Excessive rocking of the car or «зарывание» his nose on turns takes place or at braking

  1. Shock-absorbers are faulty. Replace all complete set (the Suspension bracket and a steering see the Head).
  2. Are broken or ослабли screw springs and-or other components of a suspension bracket. Make audit (the Suspension bracket and a steering see the Head).

Too hardly the steering wheel rotates

  1. Liquid level in the tank of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel (the Suspension bracket and a steering see the Head) has excessively fallen.
  2. Tyres are pumped incorrectly up.
  3. Hinges of a steering drive (the Suspension bracket and a steering see the Head) are insufficiently greased.
  4. Adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels is broken.
  5. The hydraulic booster does not develop demanded capacity.

Takes place excessive люфт a steering

  1. Ослабло effort of a tightening of bearings of forward wheels (the Suspension bracket and a steering see the Head).
  2. Suspension bracket or steering components (the Suspension bracket and a steering see the Head) are worn excessively out.

The system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel does not develop due effort

  1. It is worn out or damaged приводной a belt of the steering pump, or adjustment of its tension (the Suspension bracket and a steering see the Head) is broken.
  2. Level of a hydraulic liquid (the Suspension bracket and a steering see the Head) has excessively fallen.
  3. Passableness of lines of hydraulic system is broken. Check up, in case of need make corresponding replacements.
  4. Air has got to hydraulic system. Pump over system (the Suspension bracket and a steering see the Head).

Excessive deterioration of protectors (not in one any area) takes place

  1. Tyres are pumped incorrectly up.
  2. Balancing of wheels is broken. Address in шиномонтажную a workshop.
  3. Disks of wheels are damaged. Check up, in case of need make replacement.
  4. Suspension bracket or steering components (the Suspension bracket and a steering see the Head) are worn excessively out.

Excessive deterioration of protectors on external edge takes place

  1. Tyres are pumped incorrectly up.
  2. Turns are too sharply made. Reduce speed.
  3. Adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels (excessive convergence) is broken. Address in a workshop for carrying out of professional adjustment.
  4. Will drive or is braided the suspension bracket lever (the Suspension bracket and a steering see the Head).

Excessive deterioration of protectors on internal edge takes place

  1. Tyres are pumped incorrectly up.
  2. Adjustment of corners of installation of forward wheels (divergence) is broken. Make adjustment in a car-care centre workshop.
  3. Components of a steering or ослабло their fastening (the Suspension bracket and a steering see the Head) are damaged.

Local deterioration of a protector takes place

  1. Balancing of wheels is broken.
  2. Are damaged or погнуты disks. Check up, in case of need make replacement.
  3. Defect of tyres takes place.

Defects of brushes of a screen wiper

Проскальзывание

  1. Rubber working elements of brushes are polluted. Clear elements a rigid nylon brush with application of a solution of washing means/wipe elements spirit.
  2. Обтрепаны edges of brushes, are worn out or torn rubber working elements. Replace elements.
  3. Working elements of brushes are covered by the cracks resulting ageing of rubber. Replace elements.

In the field of clearing the water rests gather at once in drops

  1. The windscreen is polluted by varnish polish or oil. Wipe a windscreen the pure rags moistened with special means for removal of traces of greasing, oil, силиконов.

The appreciable difference as glass clearing at brush movements in opposite directions takes place

  1. Unilateral defect of the basis of a rubber working element takes place. Replace an element.
  2. The density прилегания brushes to a surface of glass as a result of twisting of the lever of a screen wiper is broken. Correct in appropriate way lever position.

On glass there are crude sectors

  1. The working element of a brush has dropped out of a fixing framework. Correct an element.
  2. The density прилегания brushes to a surface of glass as a result of deformation of spring laths or plates is broken. Replace a brush.

This sort of infringement results from the negligent relation to brush installation more often.

  1. The lever does not provide a sufficient clip of a brush to glass. Slightly grease hinges of levers of screen wipers and a spring, in case of need replace levers.

Defects of tyres

Uniform bilateral deterioration of protectors

  1. Pressure of a rating of tyres does not suffice.

Excessive uniform deterioration of an average part of a protector

  1. The high pressure of a rating of tyres is excessive.

Non-uniform deterioration of a protector

  1. Static or dynamic infringement of balancing of wheels, or excessive lateral palpation of a wheel disk takes place.

Non-uniform deterioration of an average part of a protector

  1. Result of blocking of wheels at intensive braking.
  2. Static balancing of wheel assemblage is broken.

The sawtooth deterioration of a protector often accompanied by invisible rupture at external survey of a fabric basis

  1. Result of an overload of the car. Attentively study a condition of an internal surface of the tyre.

Scaly deterioration of edges of a protector

  1. Adjustment of corners of installation of wheels is broken.
  2. The tyre is worn out.
  3. Result of deterioration of back shock-absorbers (back wheels).

Formation of agnails on one party of a protector of a forward wheel

  1. Adjustment of a convergence of wheels is broken.
  2. The tyre is worn out.
  3. Result of frequent movement on a wavy relief (grater).
  4. Result of neglect to the requirement of decrease in speed of turns.

The ruptures of a cord first shown only from the interior of the tyre

  1. Result of arrivals on rails and edges бордюрных stones.

Unilateral deterioration of a protector

  1. Disorder adjustment is broken.
  2. Serviceability of functioning ABS is broken. Check up reliability of grounding of the returnable pump of assemblage of the hydromodulator.