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Opel Astra, Zafira

Since 1998 of release

Repair and car operation



Opel Astra
+ Cars Opel Astra and Zafira
+ The operation manual
+ Routine maintenance
+ The engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ The power supply system and release
- Engine electric equipment
   Specifications
   + Electronic control system of ignition (and injection) petrol engines
   - Systems of preheat and heating of fuel of the diesel engine
      Preheat system - the general information
      Check of serviceability of functioning of system of preheat
      Removal, check and installation of candles накаливания
      Removal and installation of components of system of preheat
   + Charge and start systems
+ Manual transmission
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment



Removal, check and installation of candles накаливания

If ignition has just been included, or the engine just worked, the candle can remain still very hot!

Removal

Engines of 1.7 l SOHC

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Disconnect a negative wire from the battery.
  1. Ослабьте nuts of fastening of electroconducting of candles of 2nd both 3rd cylinders (1) and contact tyres of candles of 1st and 4th cylinders (1). Remove the tyre from candles.
  1. Turn out candles and remove them from a head of cylinders.

Engines of 1.7 l DOHC

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Remove an air cleaner and ECM the engine with a basic arm (see the Head of the Power supply system and release).
  2. Disconnect from candles electroconducting, - big and a forefinger compress lock uvulas and remove a tip from a candle shaft.
  1. Turn out candles and remove them from the engine.

Engines of 2.0 l

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Disconnect a negative wire from the battery. On engines with высоконапорным a turbo-supercharging (Y20DTH) release fastenings and lift the receiver pressurisation with турбокомпрессора over a final collector.
  1. On models of early years of release give fixing nuts (1), remove washers, disconnect electroconducting and remove the contact tyre of a food of candles накаливания. On models of last years of release simply disconnect from candles electroconducting.
  1. Turn out candles and remove them from the engine.

Check

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Check up candles on presence of mechanical damages. Прогары or erosion of tips infringement of serviceability of functioning of sprays of atomizers can be a consequence. Check up a condition of atomizers, replace defective components.
  1. Make sure of absence of a burn-out of tips of candles, - in case of need make replacement. If outwardly candles look serviceable, check up them by means of an ohmmeter (Removal and installation of the gauge of emergency pressure of oil see).
  1. Check of working capacity of a candle накаливания can be checked up by giving on it pressure 12 In, - the serviceable candle should be heated in due time (be cautious, do not burn):
    1. The power supply should be equipped by the fuse for protection against short circuit.
    2. Clamp a candle in a vice with soft sponges, - do not forget that its working element is heated until red.
    3. After check allow to a candle to cool down within several minutes not to burn.

The working element of a serviceable candle should become red-hot not later than in 5 seconds. If for a candle warming up it is required to much more time, or the tip is heated only in an average part, it is necessary to replace a candle.

Installation

Engines of 1.7 l SOHC

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Accurately screw candles and tighten them with demanded effort, - remember that the tightening of candles with excessive effort can lead to carving damage.
  2. Put on the food tyre the central conclusions of candles and reliably tighten nuts on candles of 1st and 2nd cylinders.
  3. Connect electroconducting to candles of 2nd and 3rd cylinders, tighten fixing nuts.
  4. Connect a negative wire to the battery.

Engines of 1.7 l DOHC

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Accurately screw candles and tighten them with demanded effort, - remember that the tightening of candles with excessive effort can lead to carving damage.
  2. Connect to candles electroconducting of giving of a food.
  3. Establish ECM, with a basic arm and an air cleaner (see the Head of the Power supply system and release).

Engines of 2.0 l

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Accurately screw candles and tighten them with demanded effort, - remember that the tightening of candles with excessive effort can lead to carving damage.
  2. On models of early years of release put on the food tyre conclusions of candles, attach electroconducting, establish washers, then screw and reliably tighten fixing nuts. On models of last years of release simply connect to candles electroconducting.
  3. If removed, establish a metal tube турбокомпрессора, then connect a negative wire to the battery and check up serviceability of functioning of candles накаливания.