Opel Astra, Zafira

Since 1998 of release

Repair and car operation



Opel Astra
+ Cars Opel Astra and Zafira
- The operation manual
   The panel of devices
   The information display
   Additional electronic devices
   Access, protection
   Salon illumination
   Elements of systems of safety of the car
   The salon equipment
   Comfort
   Operation receptions
+ Routine maintenance
+ The engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ The power supply system and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Manual transmission
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment



The panel of devices

Appearance and arrangement of separate elements in cars of various updatings can differ from resulted on an accompanying illustration.


Arrangement of controls on the panel of devices of the car

1 — the Regulator of an inclination of optical axes of headlights, switches of antifog headlights and back foggy lanterns, a regulator of intensity of illumination of devices
2 — the Switch of management of functioning of external lighting devices / of inclusion of illumination of devices
3 — Deflektory of lateral air lines of system of ventilation / of heating of salon
4 — Left подрулевой the switch of management of functioning of indexes of turn, a choice of a mode of head headlights, alarm systems distant light / of management of functioning темпостата
5 — Pictograms of a designation of the button of a horn
6 — the Combination of devices
7 — Right подрулевой the switch of management of functioning of washers of glasses and (at a corresponding complete set) lenses of head headlights / the switch of modes of the onboard processor
8 — Deflektory of the central air lines of system of ventilation / of heating of salon
9 — the alarm system Switch
10 — the Display of digital hours / of a measuring instrument of temperature of external air / of a radio receiver / of information-entertaining system / the onboard processor
11 — the Radio receiver / information-entertaining system
12 — the Cover of the module of a passenger pillow of safety

13 — the Ware box
14 — the Control panel functioning of systems of heating / of ventilation / of air-conditioning
15 — the Switch of management of electric drive functioning стеклоподъемников (models the Cabriolet)
16 — Switches of a choice of modes of air circulation and inclusion of heating of back glass
17 — Prikurivatel/the socket of onboard power supplies
18 — the Ware pocket
19 — the Switch of management of functioning of the electric drive of collapsible top (model the Cabriolet)
20 — the Ashtray
21 — the Lock of ignition / of blocking of a steering column
22 — a gas Pedal
23 — the Handle of management of adjustment of position of a steering column
24 — a brake Pedal
25 — a coupling Pedal
26 — the Ware box / the assembly block of safety locks
27 — the drive Lever отпускания latches of the lock of a cowl


The scheme of an arrangement of control lamps / of light indicators and instrumentations on an instrument guard of the car

By arrow the site of the adjusting button of the digital display is shown.

Combination of devices

Control lamps and light indicators of the panel of devices

Completeness of a complete set of the panel of devices control lamps and light indicators depends on car updating.

Control lamp of an automatic regulator of an angle of slope of optical axes of headlights

The control lamp is located in the left part of a combination of devices over a measuring instrument of temperature and quickly works at inclusion of ignition and should go out after some seconds after realisation of start of the engine. Activation of a control lamp during movement specifies in infringement of serviceability of functioning of a regulator. For elimination of causes of a failure address to experts of car-care centre.

Control lamp of system of additional safety (SRS)

The given control lamp serves for the notification of the driver from refusals in electric chains of systems of additional safety SRS (safety pillows, emergency натяжители belts)

Control lamp do not forget to fasten belts!

Short-term operation of a control lamp at ignition inclusion is accompanied by a sound signal and serves as the prevention to the driver and passengers about necessity to fasten seat belts before a start of motion.

Control lamp of brake system / of a hydraulic drive of coupling

If the control lamp continues to burn at the included ignition, it is necessary to check up completeness отпускания a lay brake. Operation of the given lamp can testify also to lowering of level of a working liquid in tanks GTTS or the cylinder of a hydrodrive of coupling.

Control lamp of system of cooling of the engine with electronic control

The control lamp quickly works at inclusion of ignition and should go out after some seconds after realisation of start of the engine. Activation of a lamp during movement testifies to malfunction in a chain of a contour of cooling of the engine or air conditioner. The electronic control system is automatically translated in functioning emergency operation that allows to continue movement. Check up level of a cooling liquid (Routine maintenance see the Head). For elimination of causes of a failure address to experts of car-care centre.

Control lamp of the device of preheat of the engine (diesel models)

Activation of the given control lamp occurs only at operation of system of preheat of the diesel engine at low ambient temperatures.

Control lamp of electronic control systems of the engine / of automatic transmission / of blocking of start

The control lamp quickly works at inclusion of ignition and should go out after some seconds after realisation of start of the engine. Refusal of a lamp of deenergizing testifies to malfunction in system of electronic control by the engine or АТ. The Control system thus is automatically switched in functioning emergency operation that can be accompanied by certain increase of the expense of fuel and decrease in capacity developed by the engine. Address for the help to experts of car-care centre.


On occasion malfunction elimination can achieve by deenergizing of ignition and performance of repeated attempt of start of the engine.

If at inclusion of ignition the lamp starts to function in a flashing mode, infringement in system of blocking of start of the engine hence takes place, — turn the ignition key in extreme left position, take it from the lock, then insert again and repeat attempt. In case of need try to take advantage of a spare key, or address for the help to experts of car-care centre.

Control lamp of a charge

The control lamp quickly works at inclusion of ignition and should go out after some seconds after realisation of start of the engine. Refusal of a lamp of deenergizing testifies to malfunction in charge system. It is necessary to stop movement and to switch off ignition. Check up effort of a tension of a belt of a drive of the generator, reliability of fastening клеммных connections of electroconducting of the generator, and also durability of a tightening of bolts of fastening of the generator.


On the models equipped with engines Z12XE, Y20DTL, Y20DTH and Y22DTR the probability of infringement of serviceability of functioning of system of cooling of the power unit is not excluded also. In case of need address for the help to experts of car-care centre.

Control lamp of engine failures (Check up the engine / MIL)

The control lamp quickly works at inclusion of ignition and should go out after some seconds after realisation of start of the engine. Refusal of a lamp of deenergizing testifies to malfunction of the engine or infringement of serviceability of functioning any of knots of systems of decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases. Try to avoid at the further movement of sharp sets of speed and high turns of the engine. At the first possibility address for the help to experts of car-care centre.

Lamp inclusion in a flashing mode during movement warns the driver about the refusal, capable to lead to failure каталитического the converter, it is necessary to address immediately for the help on the nearest car repair shop.

Control lamp of pressure of oil

The control lamp quickly works at inclusion of ignition and should go out after some seconds after realisation of start of the engine. Short-term operations of a lamp at engine work on single turns are supposed also. At refusal of switching-off of a control lamp after realisation of start of the engine / its operation during movement it is necessary to muffle immediately the engine and to check up level and pressure of impellent oil. In case of need make updating of level of oil (Routine maintenance see the Head). At the first possibility make diagnostics of a condition of the engine on a firm car repair shop of the company-manufacturer of a vehicle.

Control lamp of activation of antifog headlights

The control lamp works at activation of antifog headlights and continues to burn before deenergizing of the last.

Control lamp of activation of a headlight of headlights

The indicator differs characteristic violet colour of a luminescence and is activated while translating head headlights of the car in a headlight mode (constant or alarm).

Control lamp of activation of back foggy lanterns

The control lamp works at activation of back foggy lanterns and continues to burn before deenergizing of the last.

Indicators of indexes of turns

Activation corresponding of indicators occurs at inclusion of indexes of the right or left turn. Alarm system inclusion leads to simultaneous operation of both indicators.


The appreciable increase in frequency of gleams testifies to failure any of lamps of indexes of turns.

Control lamp of transfer АТ in a sports mode (at a corresponding complete set of the car)

On models of a corresponding complete set operation of the given control lamp accompanies transfer АТ in a sports mode.

Control lamp антипробуксовочной systems (TCS) / противозаносной systems (ESP)

The control lamp quickly works at inclusion of ignition and should go out after some seconds after realisation of start of the engine. Lamp deenergizing testifies to transition of electronic systems of stabilisation of course ESP/TCS in an active condition. A blinking of the given control lamp activation of process of regulation of draught at operation of systems ESP/TCS proves to be true.


Operation of systems of electronic stabilisation of movement can be accompanied by insignificant decrease in capacity developed by the engine (the noise background made by the engine will change). The probability automatic притормаживания the car is not excluded also.


System ESP serves for prevention of risk of loss of management by a vehicle in emergency situations and its operation should remind the driver of necessity of the coordination of a high-speed mode with a condition of a road covering.

Control lamp of system of antiblocking of brakes (ABS)

The control lamp quickly works at inclusion of ignition and should go out after some seconds after realisation of start of the engine. Lamp deenergizing testifies to end of procedure of self-diagnostics ABS and system transition in an active condition.


Process of self-diagnostics ABS can be accompanied by specific sounds. Refusal of a lamp of deenergizing, or its operation during movement testifies to revealing by system of self-diagnostics of malfunctions in chain ABS. The brake system thus passes in a mode of usual functioning that means possibility of unobstructed continuation of movement. For debugging address for the help to experts of a firm car repair shop of the company-manufacturer of a vehicle.


The built in system of self-diagnostics ABS allows to simplify essentially process of search and elimination of causes of failures of system.


At simultaneous operation of control lamps ABS and brake system it is necessary to stop immediately movement, gradually having dumped speed to deduce a vehicle from a stream and to park on a safe site of road. It is necessary to brake with extra care, avoiding sharp pressing a pedal.

Control lamp of a reserve of fuel

Inclusion of the given control lamp in a continuous mode testifies that the fuel stock comes to an end and it is necessary to make car refuelling at the first possibility. Lamp transition in a flashing mode means that the fuel stock is spent completely.


Try not to suppose full development of fuel! In a special measure the given prevention concerns diesel models, removal of air from which power supply system is among enough labour-consuming procedures.

Control lamp of indexes of turn of the trailer

At trailer towage the given light indicator at activation of indexes of turn joins in a flashing mode. Frequency of gleams of the indicator coincides with frequency of gleams of the basic control lamps of indexes of turns. Failure of a lamp of any of turn indexes on the trailer or the car leads to refusal of operations of the indicator.

Control lamp of registration of employment of seats



The control lamp of registration of employment of seats is built in in assemblage of the forward ceiling fixture.

Installation on the right forward place of a special seat for transportation of children of younger age of firm manufacture of company Opel should lead to automatic switching-off of a passenger pillow of safety. If at installation of the Danish seat there is no operation of a control lamp of registration of employment, the children's seat should be transferred on one of back places. The blinking of a control lamp testifies to infringement of correctness of installation or malfunction транспондера a children's seat, — in case of need address for the help to experts of a firm car repair shop of the company-manufacturer of the car.

Measuring instruments and indexes

Tachometre

The tachometre represents a measuring instrument of frequency of turns of the engine. The tachometre dial is built in at the left in the central part of an instrument guard (the Scheme of an arrangement of control lamps / of light indicators and instrumentations see an instrument guard of the car an illustration) and allows to define frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft of the engine in turns in a minute (the indication read out from a scale should be multiplied on 100). The maximum admissible values are led in Specifications to the Head Routine maintenance.

Speedometer

The speedometer shows current speed of movement of a vehicle. The speedometer dial is built in on the right in the central part of an instrument guard (the Scheme of an arrangement of control lamps / of light indicators and instrumentations see an instrument guard of the car an illustration).

Одометр

Одометр serves for registration of the general run of a vehicle. Indications одометра are deduced in the bottom field of the digital display which has been built in in the bottom part of a dial of a speedometer (the Scheme of an arrangement of control lamps / of light indicators and instrumentations see an instrument guard of the car an illustration).

At the switched off ignition indication of the general run joins by short-term squeezing of the adjusting button and remains active within nearby 15 seconds.

The counter of current run

The counter is intended for registration of current run of the car from the moment of zeroing of own indications. Counter indications are deduced in the top field of the digital display which has been built in in the bottom part of a dial of a speedometer (the Scheme of an arrangement of control lamps / of light indicators and instrumentations see an instrument guard of the car an illustration). Counter zeroing is made by means of 2-second squeezing of the adjusting button at the activated indication of current run (models with the multipurpose digital display, — see more low) (see in the same place).

Built in in a speedometer dial the multipurpose digital display

On some models in a speedometer dial the multipurpose digital display is mounted, allowing to deduce in its top field besides indications of the counter of registration of current run in addition time of days and indication of intervals of service.

Switching between indication modes is made by short-term pressing of the adjusting button (the Scheme of an arrangement of control lamps / of light indicators and instrumentations see an instrument guard of the car an illustration).

Brightness of indication of the display is regulated by the same regulator, as intensity of illumination of devices (the Arrangement of controls see the panel of devices of the car an illustration). Adjustment of indications of a chronometre is made by means of the same adjusting button, which 2-second squeezing in a mode of indication of time leads to transition in an updating mode at first hour indications (is corrected by short-term pressing of the button), then — after the next 2-second keeping of the button — minute. The exit from an updating mode is made also by 2-second keeping of the adjusting button pressed.


If at ignition inclusion in the top field of the multipurpose digital display the indication 1_SP is deduced, hence, within one week, or after no more than 500 km of run it is necessary to make the next service of the car.


The periods of idle time of a vehicle from the disconnected accumulator room of the battery are not considered by the registrar of intervals of routine maintenance.

The index of temperature of a cooling liquid of the engine

The index of temperature of a cooling liquid of the engine is built in in the left part of an instrument guard and serves for the control over temperature characteristics of the power unit.


The control of temperature of a cooling liquid for the constructive reasons can be made only at its level in system. The engine exit in a normal working temperature mode proves to be true transition of an arrow of the index in average position (between marks 80 and 100).


At work of the engine the cooling system is under superfluous pressure, therefore measuring instrument indications can quickly rise for mark limits 100С. Arrow displacement in the range of a scale allocated with red colour testifies to an overheat, — it is necessary to stop immediately movement, to muffle the engine and to check up level of a cooling liquid (in case of need make corresponding updating, — Routine maintenance see the Head). One more reason of an overheat refusal of operation of the fan of system of cooling can be, — check up serviceability of functioning of the corresponding gauge-switch.

The index of a stock of fuel

The index of a stock of fuel is located in the right part of an instrument guard. After full refuelling of a fuel tank of the marksman of the index finds a way out, corresponding to the maximum filling only after certain run of a vehicle. At arrow lowering in borders of the range of a measuring scale / allocated with red colour operation of a control lamp of a reserve of fuel it is necessary to make car refuelling at the first possibility.


Try not to suppose full development of fuel! In a special measure the given prevention concerns diesel models, removal of air from which power supply system is among enough labour-consuming procedures.


Whereas in a tank always there is a certain quantity of the rests of fuel, the actual volume of full refuelling can differ a little from rating value in the smaller party.

The controls located on the panel of devices and a steering column

The switch of management of functioning of external lighting devices / of running fires / of illumination of devices


Appearance of the switch of management of functioning of external lighting devices / of running fires / of illumination of devices

o — It is switched off
— Dimensional fires and illumination of devices are included
— To dimensional fires the passing light of headlights (illumination of devices remains included) is added

By means of the given switch (the Arrangement of controls on panels of devices of the car and Appearance of the switch of management of functioning of external lighting devices / of running fires / of illumination of devices see an illustration) inclusion running, and also illuminations of the panel of devices is made. In position 0 rotary handles of the switch all external lighting devices and illumination of the instrument panel remain switched off.

On the models equipped with system of running fires of light time of days (DRL) at included ignition and in position of 0 handles of the switch head headlights are automatically translated in a passing light mode, illumination of devices thus is not activated.


While translating handles in average position inclusion of dimensional fires and lanterns of illumination of back licence plate is made, and also illumination of the panel of devices and functional салонных switches is activated.


For transfer of head headlights of the car in a passing light mode it is necessary to turn the switch handle in extreme right position.


Transfer of head headlights in a mode of a constant headlight by means of left подрулевого the switch (see more low) can be made only in the given position of the rotary handle.


Procrastination of the rotary handle on itself leads to compulsory inclusion of illumination of salon.

Brightness control of illumination of devices is made by means of the switch built in on the right under the handle and marked from above by the pictogramme in the form of the symbolical image циферблатного a measuring instrument kolesno-rychazhkovogo a potentiometer (Appearance of the switch of management of functioning of external lighting devices / of running fires / of illumination of devices see an illustration).

Switches of antifog headlights and back foggy lanterns

Push-button switches of management are located by functioning of antifog headlights and back foggy lanterns directly under the handle of the switch of management of functioning of external lighting devices, between a wheel potentiometer of adjustment of intensity of illumination of devices and a regulator of an inclination of optical axes of head headlights (Appearance of the switch of management of functioning of external lighting devices / of running fires / of illumination of devices see an illustration).

By means of the given button inclusion and deenergizing of antifog headlights is made.


At the included headlights the control lamp is activated built in in the switch button.


The given button is intended for inclusion / of deenergizing of back foggy lanterns.


At the included lanterns the control lamp is activated built in in the switch button.

Regulator of a direction of optical axes of headlights

The kolesno-rychazhkovyj switch is built in at the left under the handle of the switch of management of functioning of external lighting devices (Appearance of the switch of management of functioning of external lighting devices / of running fires / of illumination of devices see an illustration) and marked from above by the pictogramme.

Adjustment is made by transfer рычажка the switch in one of four regular positions at the included passing light of head headlights. At correct adjustment of an inclination of block headlights concerning a body the risk of blinding of drivers of counter and passing vehicles is excluded.

The adjustment scheme is presented in Specifications in the beginning of the Head. About refusals of functioning of proof-readers of position of headlights warns operation of the special control lamp which have been built in in a combination of devices over assemblage of a measuring instrument of temperature.


Depending on a complete set of the car a range of change of an inclination of optical axes of headlights between positions 2 and 3 switches can be very narrow.

Left подрулевой the switch

By means of left подрулевого the switch the choice of a mode of functioning of head headlights (a near / headlight) is made, the alarm system is carried out by a headlight, and also indexes of turns are activated.

In normal position (is closer to a steering wheel) switch lever head headlights are in a passing light mode (at corresponding position of the rotary handle of the switch of management by functioning of external lighting devices, — the Switch of management of functioning of external lighting devices / of running fires / of illumination of devices see above the item). For transfer of headlights in a headlight mode it is necessary to wring out the lever of the switch from itself, having translated it in the second stationary position, — on the panel of devices the corresponding control lamp (the Control lamp of activation of a headlight of headlights see above the item) will work. Return of the switch to initial (normal) position leads to deenergizing of a headlight and transition of headlights in a passing light mode.

For short-term inclusion of a headlight of headlights for the purpose of giving of a light signal it is necessary to delay the lever left подрулевого the switch on itself.


The alarm system can be made by a headlight in any position of the rotary handle of the switch of management by functioning of external lighting devices (Appearance of the switch of management of functioning of external lighting devices / of running fires / of illumination of devices see an illustration).


Moving of the lever left подрулевого the switch in the top or bottom stationary position (before click) leads to activation of indexes of corresponding turn.


Switching-off of indexes of turns occurs to return of the lever to neutral (average) position automatically at return of a steering wheel to rectilinear position. There is also a possibility of short-term inclusion of indexes (for example for the prevention of change рядности movements), — it is necessary to displace the lever upwards or downwards without leading up it to click, — in this case switching-off of indexes will occur at отпускании the lever.


Activation of indexes of turns is accompanied by operation of corresponding light indicators on an instrument guard (the Control lamp of activation of back foggy lanterns see above the item) and distinct clicks published by the breaker.

Right подрулевой the switch

On the models equipped with the multipurpose graphic information display, in a face part of the lever right подрулевого the switch buttons of switching of modes of the display (see more low) are built in.

By means of the given switch management of functioning of screen wipers and giving of a liquid of washing of glasses is made.

On considered models switches of management are used by cleaners of a windscreen of two types: computer-controlled (with the rain gauge) and without. In both variants the lever right подрулевого the switch is capable to move in a vertical plane with installation to one of four stationary positions, the pictogrammes corresponding to each of positions, are put on the forward party of the switch. Difference consists that at a choice of the position of the lever of the switch second from below, in one case screen wipers are translated in a mode of usual interval functioning, in the second the rain gauge defines a quantity of water, being on a surface of a windscreen and automatically regulates the period of operation of brushes.

"O" — Screen wipers are switched off
"-" — the Interval / automatic mode of functioning of screen wipers
"-" — Constant низкоскоростной a mode of functioning of screen wipers
"=" — The Constant high-speed mode of functioning of screen wipers


At procrastination of the lever right подрулевого the switch on itself giving of a washing liquid on a windscreen and lenses of head headlights (if the last are included) joins. At liquid giving on a windscreen screen wipers make several running cycles.


In a variant of computer-controlled execution (see above) it is necessary to include periodically giving of a washing liquid for the purpose of maintenance in cleanliness a working field of the gauge of a rain.


For inclusion of a cleaner / of a washer of back glass on models of Hetchbek and the Versatile person it is necessary to take away the lever right подрулевого the switch from itself. It is Thus provided two working positions of the lever, in first of which the screen wiper joins only, in the second (to keep the lever wrung out against the stop) giving on glass of a washing liquid is in addition activated.


In the first working position the screen wiper of back glass will work in an interval mode with the fixed delay, in the second, — is continuous.

The alarm system switch

The push-button switch of the alarm system is located in the central part of the panel of devices between lattices дефлекторов the central air lines (the Arrangement of controls see the panel of devices of the car an illustration). Alarm system inclusion leads to simultaneous activation in a normal flashing mode of all indexes of turns, and also is accompanied by functioning of corresponding control lamps on an instrument guard and in the switch button. Frequency of gleams the same, as at work of indexes of turns in view of use of the general breaker.

Sound signal

For inclusion of a sound signal it is enough to press the central overlay of a steering wheel marked with pictogrammes with the image of a small horn.

The switch of heating of back glass and external rear-view mirrors

The button of the switch of heating of back glass / of rear-view mirrors is built in in the bottom part of the control panel of functioning of systems of heating / of ventilation of salon / of an air conditioning. Outside the pictogramme is put on the button, the control lamp is inside built in, continuing to burn all time while heaters remain included.


In a chain of heaters the timer making automatic switching-off of a supply of electricity to TANS on the expiration of control term (15 minutes) is built in. The given option allows to avoid an excessive discharge of the storage battery, inevitable in view of high power consumption of heating elements.

Switches of remote control by a radio receiver

At a corresponding complete set of the car of the button of remote control by a radio receiver are located from both parties ступичной steering wheel parts.

Search of the next active frequency in the increasing
Search of the next active frequency in the decreasing
In a radio reception mode: adjustment for the set frequency of an announcement; in CD mode (at a corresponding complete set): playing of the established compact disc from the beginning
"+" — Loudness Increase
"-" — loudness Reduction
"About" — Switching from a radio reception mode in a tape recorder or compact player mode (at a corresponding complete set)

Switches of management of functioning of the electric drive of external rear-view mirrors

On models with a manual drive of external mirrors adjustment of their position is made by means of the mirrors located from the interior of the bases рычажковElements of systems of safety of the car see.


On the models equipped with the electric drive of adjustment of external rear-view mirrors, the switch of management is located by electric drive functioning from the interior of forward doors of the car in places of their adjunction to the panel of devices. The choice of a mirror subject to adjustment is made by moving to the corresponding party top ползункового the switch. Actually updating is carried out by means of the bottom rotational switch. Do not forget to return on termination of adjustment ползунковый the switch in average (neutral) position in order to avoid risk of casual infringement of demanded position of a mirror.








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