Opel Astra, Zafira

Since 1998 of release

Repair and car operation



Opel Astra
+ Cars Opel Astra and Zafira
- The operation manual
   The panel of devices
   The information display
   Additional electronic devices
   Access, protection
   Salon illumination
   Elements of systems of safety of the car
   The salon equipment
   Comfort
   Operation receptions
+ Routine maintenance
+ The engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ The power supply system and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Manual transmission
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment



Elements of systems of safety of the car

The general information

Cars considered in the present Management are equipped by a complex of the means intended for protection of the driver and passengers in case of road and transport incident. The seats equipped with headrests, seat belts, emergency automatic натяжители belts and a pillow of safety of the driver and the forward passenger here enter.

Some components of system of safety, being an integral part of a design of the car, do not demand additional attention from outside the owner of a vehicle. The strong steel frame forming a design of a cabin in which the salon is located concerns their number; the forward and back zones of deformation absorbing energy of blow at collision, and also devices of an automatic tension of seat belts (an additional complete set) which automatically carry out a tension of belts in case of blow.

Seat belts

For safety of the driver and passengers all seats of the car are equipped by seat belts.

In the panel of devices of some models the special control lamp reminding to the driver and passengers about necessity to be fastened by seat belts (the Panel of devices see) is built in.

Pillows of safety of the driver and the passenger

The standard complete set of some models includes the system of additional safety SRS more known as a pillow of safety. The system is developed for protection of the driver and the forward passenger against heading or a breast about a steering wheel / the panel of devices in case of strong front blow.



The lateral pillows of safety providing protection of the driver and the forward passenger at lateral blows, and also the head pillows serving for protection of goals of the driver can enter into an additional complete set, and also forward and back passengers also at lateral blows and in a case переворачивания the car.

The owner of the car equipped with system SRS, is obliged to know most important points about a design and a principle of action of elements of system:

  1. Presence of pillows of safety cannot excuse neglect of application of seat belts at all. SRS it should be used only together with belts and other means of passive safety;
  2. Forward pillows of safety do not provide protection in case of lateral blow, and also at blow behind. Besides, operation of modules occurs only at the directed blows of high intensity, i.e. the system does not provide protection at weak head-on collisions;
  3. Lateral safety do not provide protection in case of a head-on collision and blow behind, besides, they work also only at excess by energy of lateral blow of some threshold value that no means always takes place at переворачивании the car;
  4. Operation of a pillow of safety can put a trauma.

Effectively to execute the protective function, the safety pillow should be developed from the combined condition in working for very short time. Therefore a safety pillow, protecting the driver / of the forward passenger from heavy mutilations, in some cases saving their life, can become the reason травмирования, and sometimes and serious mutilations, up to a lethal outcome if the driver or the forward passenger have not been properly fastened by seat belts or occupied supernumerary position on seats.

To lower probability травмирования a pillow, it is necessary to be fastened always by seat belts and to settle down on a driver's seat on the greatest possible removal from a steering wheel / of the panel of devices.

Position of seats and their backs

The design of seats of the car guarantees the maximum comfort to the person sitting in them, simultaneously providing conditions of the most effective performance of the functions with belts and safety pillows. Soft stuffing of pillows and backs provides additional protection sitting in emergencies.

The choice of position of a seat also influences safety of the person sitting in it. For example, at excessive approach of a seat to a steering wheel / of the panel of devices the risk травмирования sitting at operation of a pillow of safety, and also risk of ejection through a windscreen increases at a head-on collision.

The increase in an inclination of a back of a seat will worsen fixing of a body by a seat belt, — the more the back is rejected back, the above probability проскальзывания bodies of a seat belt sitting under zone section at strong front blow, and that is heavier the got traumas can.

Fix position of a forward seat in as much as possible removed (convenient for realisation of management by a vehicle) from a steering wheel / of the panel of devices position, a back result in vertical position.

Headrests

Headrests prevent травмирование cervical department of a backbone and a head at blow behind. The headrest should be adjusted on height so that its top cut was flush with an upper edge of an ear sitting.

Instructions for use means of passive safety of the driver and passengers

The general information

Stated below the instruction acquaint the reader with ways of maintenance of the maximum protection of all people being in the car.

Doors

After the driver and all passengers have taken the places in salon, be convinced that all doors of the car are densely closed.

On some models the special control lamp which lights up at leaky closing of one or several doors of the car is provided.

Forward seats

The driver sitting too close to the panel of devices is exposed to the raised risk травмирования, up to reception of serious mutilations and a lethal outcome from blow about a steering wheel or at operation of a pillow of safety, in case of road and transport incident.

In order to avoid risk травмирования, properly fasten a seat belt, result a seat back in vertical position and densely nestle on it a back, having removed at this seat in position as much as possible removed from a steering wheel. Thus, certainly, the driver should provide to itself the good review and possibility of a convenient manipulation with all controls the car. Be convinced that the seat of the forward passenger also is as much as possible removed from the panel of devices.


Too close position of seats of the driver and the forward passenger to a steering wheel / of the panel of devices in case of road and transport incident can lead to reception of serious traumas and even to a deadly outcome!

Try to have always forward seats on the maximum removal from modules of pillows of safety.

The overwhelming majority of drivers (even low growth) can remove as much as possible far a driver's seat from a steering wheel, freely getting thus to pedals. However if you are disturbed by too close position of a driver's seat to a steering wheel, composers of the present Management recommend to the reader to pay attention to some kinds of auxiliaries, — on firm car repair shops of the company-manufacturer of the car always it is possible to receive the exhaustive information on this point in question.

Having convinced of correctness of position of a seat, check up reliability of its fixing. Instructions on adjustment of position of forward seats — see the salon Equipment.

Adjust an inclination of a back of a driver's seat, having resulted it in the most convenient for your constitution, as much as possible approached to vertical position, having left thus sufficient space between a thorax and a steering wheel nave in which the safety pillow is built in. Remember that excessively close arrangement of the driver / of the forward passenger to the panel of devices appreciably raises risk of reception of traumas at operation of pillows of safety.

Too strong inclination of a back of a seat leads to that the humeral section of a seat belt will not nestle on a thorax that in an essential measure reduces efficiency of its protective functions. The more the seat back is inclined back, the above probability проскальзывания bodies sitting under lumbar section at strong front blow, and that is heavier the got traumas can. Instructions on adjustment of backs of a seat — see the salon Equipment.

Headrests

Before a start of motion make sure that position of headrests on each of seats corresponds to necessary requirements, providing due protection of cervical department of a backbone and a head sitting at blow behind. The headrest should be adjusted on height so that its central part was flush with a nape. If it is not possible to achieve it, the headrest should be established in extreme top position.


Wrong position of headrests reduces efficiency of their protective functions and raises risk of reception of serious traumas as a result of road and transport incident! Instructions on adjustment of position of headrests — see the salon Equipment.

Seat belts

Latch скобу belt buckles in the lock, then pull for a strap of humeral section upwards, checking reliability of fixing скобы in the lock. Make sure that the belt strap is not overwound, — the overwound belt in itself is dangerous.

As much as possible lower zone section of a belt, having placed it as it is possible more low on hips. Having pulled for humeral section, choose a weak point and try to achieve dense прилегания a belt to a body. In case of need tighten a belt and achieve dense прилегания its humeral section to a trunk. The strap should pass through a thorax sitting on a diagonal so that loading at blow had basically on the strongest top part of a torso.

The scornful relation to application of seat belts is fraught with reception of serious traumas in case of road and transport incident!

The driver of a vehicle, having fastened by the seat belt, should check, that all passengers also have been properly fastened.

Correct position of zone section of a belt will provide the most safe repayment of inertia of a body at failure, keeping it for strong bones of a coxofemoral joint. If the strap passes through a humeral joint of a hand, it is necessary to correct position top анкерного belt fastenings on a car rack.

To adjust position of the top anchor of fastening of a belt, press buttons of a clamp and shift fastening upwards or downwards on built in in a rack directing, achieving correct position of humeral section of a belt concerning a neck. Fastening has four fixed positions.

At all do not pass humeral section of a belt near at hand and do not get it for a back, is it can appear it is fraught with the most serious consequences at failure!

Incorrectly functioning seat belt cannot provide appropriate protection of the driver / of the passenger in case of road and transport incident. In the absence of confidence of correctness of adjustments, charge to experts of a car repair shop of the company-manufacturer of the car to carry out check of functioning of seat belts. The additional information on seat belts — see the salon Equipment.

Steering column

The steering column should be adjusted so that steering wheel was opposite to a thorax of the driver. Position at which the steering wheel nave is opposite to the person of the driver, is wrong as reduces protective functions of the forward pillow of safety built in in it. The description of procedure of adjustment of position of a steering wheel — see the salon Equipment.

Landing to a seat

The general recommendations

After the driver and all passengers have taken the places in car salon, have adjusted position of the seats and have put on seat belts, they should give correct position to the body, densely having nestled a back on a back of a seat and firmly having put feet on a salon floor. Feet should not come off a floor up to a full stop of the car and engine deenergizing.

Infringement of correctness of landing during movement raises risk of reception of a trauma as a result of road and transport incident. So, if passengers sit having bent, lie, turn in the parties, bend forward or sideways, get on a seat with feet, the risk of reception by them of serious mutilations as a result of failure considerably increases.

Besides, the forward passengers occupying wrong position on seats, can get serious traumas from parts of internal furnish of salon breaking as a result of emergency blow, or from operation of a forward pillow of safety.

If on equipped with lateral / head pillows of safety the car the head of the forward passenger during movement is inclined sideways and is in a zone of operation of a pillow of safety, the risk of reception by it extremely raises at failure of serious traumas and mutilations.

Try to observe correct position on a seat during all trip, holding a back densely pressed to a back of a seat and having put feet on a floor. Remember that vertical position of landing and competent use of seat belts raise efficiency of functioning of all elements of safety by which the car is equipped.

Recommendations for pregnant women

Safety of the pregnant woman is the best way of preservation of a fruit in case of road accident, therefore at movement on the car (as the driver or the passenger) the pregnant woman should be fastened without fail a seat belt, paying thus special attention on correctness of placing of its sections concerning the body.

At use of belts of a diagonalno-zone design it is necessary to remember that the zone section of a belt should settle down as it is possible more low on hips and not to be at all not imposed on a stomach.

The pregnant woman also should occupy vertical position on a seat. Thus the forward seat should be as much as possible far is removed from the panel of devices that will allow in case of road and transport incident or operation of a forward pillow of safety to lower risk of reception of traumas and mutilations not only for mother, but also for a fruit.

At each visiting of the observing doctor, consult, whether it is desirable to operate for you the car.

Transportation of children

For safety of transportation of children younger and middle age it is necessary to use special children's seats and fixing means, detailed instructions on placing and which installation will be offered you in a place of acquisition of a product. In case of need address for consultations on firm car repair shops of the company-manufacturer of the car.


Firm adaptations Opel for transportation of children are without fail equipped транспондерами, providing deactivation of pillows of safety of passenger pillows of safety at adaptation placing on a forward passenger seat. The luminescence of the special control lamp mounted in assemblage of the main ceiling fixture testifies to switching-off of pillows.

Additional recommendations

It is forbidden to use the same seat belt for пристегивания two persons simultaneously. In this case the belt will not carry out the protective functions and in case of failure passengers can receive serious traumas.

Do not attach to straps of seat belts any overlays and other subjects. Installation of extras or change of position of fastening of humeral section can lower efficiency of action of seat belts and increase probability травмирования at failure.

Have no firm or sharp subjects between the body and a forward pillow of safety.

Transportation of firm or sharp subjects in a lap, or driving with a tube for smoking or other sharp subjects in a mouth at failure can lead to reception heavy to traumas.

For the purpose of prevention of risk of unapproved operation of forward pillows of safety try not to bring a hand to the locations of their modules on the panel of devices and a steering wheel nave

On equipped with lateral and head pillows of safety models do not fix firm subjects on internal panels of forward doors and in immediate proximity from them.

Design features of seat belts

Diagonalno-zone seat belt

The scheme of a lining of a seat belt of a diagonalno-zone design

To unfasten a belt, press the red button with inscription PRESS which is located on the case of the lock of a buckle. At taking - up of a belt by a drum of the returnable device it is necessary to hold it for скобу buckles. After an exit from the car check up, that the belt has not got to a doorway and it has not appeared is clamped at захлопывании by last.

Belts of a diagonalno-zone design are equipped with the returnable device of the inertial type which drum, automatically chooses a weak point of straps and constantly supports a small preliminary tension of the belt pressed to a body. Inertial belts practically do not constrain movements of the person fastened by them and allow it to change a pose to a seat easily. At road and transport incident or sharp braking of the car the fixing mechanism of the returnable device is put in action. The drum blocks a belt, excepting possibility of dangerous moving sitting.

Automatic emergency натяжители seat belts

On some models for the purpose of maintenance of additional protection of the driver / of the passenger seat belts of forward seats are supplied by devices, at operation providing an automatic tension of belts that provides additional guarantees of an exception of dangerous movings of the driver and the forward passenger at a head-on collision.

Operation automatic emergency натяжителей occurs at the directed overloads arising during a strong head-on collision. Emission of forward pillows of safety is simultaneously made.

At operation натяжителя the seat belt remains in the tense position until скоба its buckles will not be liberated from the lock of last.

Emergency натяжители seat belts are devices of unitary use and after operation are subject to replacement.

Operation of a control lamp of systems of additional safety (SRS) warns the driver about possible malfunctions in devices emergency натяжителей belts (the Panel of devices see).

Principles of functioning of elements of system of additional safety (SRS)

Into number of devices and the components forming system of additional safety (SRS) enter:

  1. Two forward pillows of safety. The module of a driver's pillow of safety is placed in a steering wheel nave. The pillow of safety of the forward passenger is placed in a special cavity in the right part of the panel of devices of the car. The locations of both modules are marked by precautionary inscriptions «AIRBAG»;
  1. Lateral pillows of safety (additional complete set), built in in external surfaces of backs of forward seats;
  1. Head pillows of safety (additional complete set), placed along lateral edges of the ceiling panel and providing additional protection of goals of the driver and all passengers at lateral blows and переворачивании the car;
  2. The gauges of the directed overloads working at strong blows of the corresponding direction;
  3. Electronic system of self-diagnostics which at the included ignition provides constant testing of gauges of overloads, the management block, газогенераторов pillows of safety and connecting electroconducting of corresponding chains;
  4. Devices of an automatic emergency tension of seat belts of forward seats (see above);
  5. The control lamp of refusals SRS which has been built in in the panel of devices (the Panel of devices see);
  6. The spare independent power supply intended for duplication of the basic power supply system in case of its exit out of operation at collision of the car.

Forward pillows of safety

Gauges of the directed overloads react to excess of some limiting value which can arise at a strong head-on collision. Эпюра the directions of blow leading to operation of gauges, it is shown on an accompanying illustration. On a signal of gauges the management block includes газогенераторы safety pillows, causing their instant filling.

During collision the seat belt keeps from displacement the bottom part of a trunk sitting. Forward pillows of safety help to prevent травмирование the driver and the forward passenger as a result of blow by their head and a thorax about a steering wheel / the panel of devices.

As signals on operation of both pillows of safety arrive from the same gauges, both pillows work simultaneously. However the probability инициации only is not excluded by one of pillows. Such becomes possible when the size of the directed overloads which have arisen at collision was on the verge of an operation range газогенераторов. In this case seat belts provide reliable enough protection of the driver and the forward passenger while the effect from operation of a pillow of safety will be minimum.

Right after operation and performance by pillows of the functions gas from them is issued that allows the driver to keep visibility and freely to manipulate all controls the car.

Full duration of process from the moment of giving of a signal before release of gas from pillows occupies with gauges of overloads fractions of a second. Operation of pillows occurs so quickly that the human ear simply is not capable to apprehend a clap газогенераторов at filling of pillows.

After road and transport incident at which there was an operation of pillows of safety, the volume of salon of the car looks slightly filled with smoke. Actually it is a suspension тонкодисперсного a powder by which covers of pillows in the combined condition are usually poured. People with disease of respiratory organs can feel certain discomfort at inhalation of the products getting to air allocated газогенераторами of pillows.

Control lamp of refusals SRS

Control lamp SRS is built in in an instrument guard of the car (the Panel of devices see) and intended for the prevention of the driver about revealed by system of self-diagnostics refusals in system of additional system of safety. On some updatings of the car operation of a control lamp testifies to possible malfunctions in blocks of lateral pillows of safety or devices of an automatic emergency tension of seat belts.

At ignition inclusion (the ignition key will turn in position «ON» [II]) the control lamp lights up for short time, then at once dies away that confirms about serviceability of functioning of all knots of system.

At any operation of a control lamp during any other moment the owner of the car should address at the first possibility for the help to experts of a car repair shop of the company-manufacturer (Opel). The following concerns number of such situations:

  1. The control lamp does not join at ignition key turn in position ON (II);
  2. The control lamp continues to burn after realisation of start of the engine;
  3. Control lamp has joined and burns in a constant or blinking mode during car movement.

In the presence of the malfunctions listed above signs the additional system of safety can refuse a failure case.

The scornful relation to signals of control lamp SRS can lead to the most serious consequences at refusal of pillows of safety during failure!

Lateral and head pillows of safety

On some models as an additional complete set lateral pillows of safety of the driver and the forward passenger, and also the head pillows providing protection of goals of the driver and all passengers both at lateral blows, and in a case переворачивания the car can be established. Modules of lateral pillows are built in in external end faces of backs of forward seats. The locations of both lateral pillows are marked by inscriptions «SIDE AIRBAG». Газогенераторы head pillows are located on lateral edges of the ceiling panel. Control lamp SRS on an instrument guard of the car works at revealing of malfunctions in chains инициации additional pillows of safety.



At strong lateral ударедатчики the directed overloads fix excess by arising loadings of some threshold value and give out an information signal on the block of management which develops a command on operations газогенератора a corresponding lateral pillow of safety. Thus, if blow has had from outside a passenger seat, the passenger lateral pillow will work even in the absence of the passenger on a forward seat.

For maintenance of the greatest efficiency of protection which is provided with safety pillows, the driver and the passenger sitting on a forward seat, should sit directly and to be fastened seat belts.

Entering into an additional complete set of some models head pillows of safety (curtain) provide protection of goals of the driver and all passengers at lateral blows and переворачивании the car.

Maintenance service of elements SRS

Pyrotechnic modules of pillows of safety and devices of an automatic emergency tension of seat belts, practically do not require regular checks and maintenance service. However the owner of the vehicle equipped in appropriate way should remember the following:

  1. After operation of pillows of safety they are subject to obligatory replacement together with the block of management of system. Do not try to dismantle fulfilled pillows independently. These operations should be carried out only in the conditions of a car-care centre workshop;
  2. If operation of control lamp SRS specifies in refusal presence in system, it is necessary to address immediately on the nearest car repair shop of the company-manufacturer of the car where full diagnostics and necessary regenerative repair of system will be made. Otherwise safety / pillows emergency натяжители can not work belts at failure and not execute the protective function;
  3. To works with knots of additional system of safety specially trained personnel is supposed only. It is forbidden to dismantle independently from the car of a pillow of safety and emergency натяжители seat belts. In default SRS or after emergency operation of pillows of safety and натяжителей seat belts it is necessary to address on a car repair shop of the company-manufacturer of the car for carrying out of repair or replacement of knots of system;
  4. Do not open modules газогенераторов and do not change electroconducting of systems of pillows of safety and devices of an automatic emergency tension of seat belts, — such intervention can lead to involuntary operation of pillows / натяжителей and be at the bottom травмирования of the executor or people being nearby;
  5. At a corresponding complete set do not make replacement of forward seats without reception of preliminary consultation on a car repair shop of the company-manufacturer of the car. Inaccurate or incorrect performance of replacement or removal of covers can lead to refusal of operation of lateral pillows of safety in case of failure.

Danger of a poisoning монооксидом carbon (WITH)

Into structure of the fulfilled gases of the engine enters extremely toxic монооксид carbon (WITH). At serviceable final system and correct operation of the car, the fulfilled gases of the engine should not get to car salon. Try to check a technical condition of system of release of the fulfilled gases and tightness of connections of its pipelines in following cases:

  1. At the next replacement of engine oil when the car is established on the lift;
  2. At change of character of the noise background published by final system appreciable on hearing;
  3. After failure in which the details located under the bottom of the car could be damaged.

Монооксид carbon is toxic gas. Inhalation монооксида carbon causes loss of consciousness and can lead to a deadly outcome. Be careful to be in the closed, not aired premise or to make works at which you will be compelled to breathe air containing оксид of carbon in the big concentration! In the closed premises with bad ventilation, for example, in garage concentration WITH can quickly increase to dangerous value. Therefore it is forbidden to leave the engine working at the closed collars of garage. Even at open collars do not leave the engine working long time. At once after engine start it is necessary to leave garage and to continue engine warming up in the street.

At movement with an open door of a back / a luggage space cover the fulfilled gases of the engine can get to salon of the car and create a dangerous situation. If there is a situation when to close a door / a cover it is not obviously possible, it is necessary to open completely all windows and to include ventilation and air conditioning system.

At a finding in the car with the engine working on single turns (even on the open area), make following inclusions:

  1. Include system of ventilation of salon in a mode of inflow of fresh air;
  2. Include the heater fan for the maximum speed;
  3. Establish a regulator comfortable level of temperature of air.