Opel Astra, Zafira

Since 1998 of release

Repair and car operation



Opel Astra
+ Cars Opel Astra and Zafira
- The operation manual
   The panel of devices
   The information display
   Additional electronic devices
   Access, protection
   Salon illumination
   Elements of systems of safety of the car
   The salon equipment
   Comfort
   Operation receptions
+ Routine maintenance
+ The engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ The power supply system and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Manual transmission
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment



Comfort

Systems of heating, ventilation and air conditioning

At correct use of possibilities of systems of heating and ventilation in car salon comfortable conditions of stay are provided and is excluded запотевание glasses.

If the car at purchase has not been equipped by air central air, it can be mounted and established during any time convenient for the owner, at any time establish this system on the car, — address on company Opel car repair shop.

The control panel functioning of systems of ventilation and salon heating (model without air central air)

The control panel functioning of systems of heating, ventilation (model without К/В)

1 — the Handle of a regulator of temperature of air
2 — the Handle of a choice of a high-speed mode of the fan
3 — the Handle of switching of directions of giving of air
4 — the Switch of a mode of the closed air circulation
5 — the Switch of heating of back glass

The handle of a regulator of temperature of air

Handle rotation clockwise leads to increase in temperature of the car of air arriving in salon.

The handle of a choice of a high-speed mode of the fan

Handle rotation clockwise leads to increase in frequency of rotation of the fan and, hence, — intensity of giving of air in car salon. Handle transfer in extreme left position leads to fan switching-off.

The switch of a mode of the closed air circulation

By means of the given button inclusion of a mode of the closed air circulation in car salon is made. The button is equipped by the built in control lamp. At inclusion of a mode the car salon is isolated from atmosphere and inflow to it of fresh air stops. The fan provides air circulation on the closed contour. By repeated pressing the button (the control lamp should go out), giving of external air in salon will renew.

At a choice of a direction of distribution of air on having blown in a windscreen (the Handle of switching of directions of distribution of air see below the item) in a mode of the closed air circulation it is disconnected automatically for the purpose of acceleration of process of removal of a condensate from glasses.

The switch of heating of back glass

The switch button also is equipped by the built in control lamp which is lighting up at inclusion of heating. The timer making automatic switching-off of heating of glass on the expiration of 15 minutes of continuous work is built in a chain of a heater having high power consumption for the purpose of protection of the storage battery against a discharge.

The handle of switching of directions of distribution of air


The general scheme of distribution of air streams

1 — in Lateral sleeves of giving of air on obverse level / having blown in lateral glasses
2 — the Central sleeve of giving of air on obverse level
3 — in Nozzles of sleeves of giving of air on having blown in a windscreen

4 — Sleeves of giving of air in forward foot wells
5 — Sleeves of giving of air in back foot wells



The scheme of distribution of air

1 — On a windscreen
2 — Distributive заслонка
3 — On obverse level
4 — the Control panel
5 — In back foot wells

6 — In foot wells
7 — Distributive заслонка
8 — the Heat exchanger
9 — Distributive заслонка
10 — the Electromotor of a drive of the fan of a heater


At air giving on obverse level do not forget to open дефлекторы.

The handle is intended for a choice of a mode of distribution of air on salon.

Air giving through lateral дефлекторы panels of devices is carried out in all modes. The general scheme of distribution of air streams — see illustrations the General scheme of distribution of air streams and the Scheme of distribution of air.


External air arrives on having blown in a windscreen through the nozzles which have been built in in the control panel from above near to the bottom edge of glass.


At a choice of a direction of distribution of air on having blown in a windscreen (the mode of the closed air circulation see above) (if it has been chosen — the Switch of a mode of the closed air circulation see above the item) it is disconnected automatically for the purpose of acceleration of process of removal of a condensate from glasses.


External air arrives in salon simultaneously through nozzles обдува a windscreen, built in in the control panel from above near to the bottom edge of glass, and through the bottom ventilating apertures of foot wells.

Giving of external air only in driver's and passenger foot wells is carried out.

External air arrives in salon simultaneously on obverse level (through central and lateral ventilating дефлекторы in the control panel), and also through the bottom ventilating apertures providing giving of air in driver's and passenger foot wells.

External air arrives in salon on obverse level through central and lateral ventilating дефлекторы panels of devices.

The control panel functioning of systems of ventilation and salon heating (model with air central air)

The control panel functioning of systems of heating, ventilation and an air conditioning

1 — the Handle of a regulator of temperature of air
2 — the Handle of a choice of a high-speed mode of the fan
3 — the Handle of switching of directions of giving of air
4 — the Switch of a mode of the closed air circulation
5 — the Switch of the conditioner of air
6 — the Switch of heating of back glass

The handle of a regulator of temperature of air

The Control panel functioning of systems of ventilation and salon heating (model without air central air) — the corresponding paragraph see above.

The handle of a choice of a high-speed mode of the fan

The Control panel functioning of systems of ventilation and salon heating (model without air central air) — the corresponding paragraph see above.

The switch of a mode of the closed air circulation

The Control panel functioning of systems of ventilation and salon heating (model without air central air) — the corresponding paragraph see above.

The switch of heating of back glass

The Control panel functioning of systems of ventilation and salon heating (model without air central air) — the corresponding paragraph see above.

The handle of switching of directions of distribution of air

The Control panel functioning of systems of ventilation and salon heating (model without air central air) — the corresponding paragraph see above.

The switch of the conditioner of air

By means of the button inclusion and deenergizing К/В (a choice of a mode of cooling of air).При it intensity обдува is made decreases, however, at desire can be raised. The button is equipped by the built in control lamp.

Management дефлекторами ventilating lattices

Дефлекторы snuffled the central air lines of the panel of devices are equipped special жалюзийными дефлекторами, allowing to regulate a deviation of a submitted air stream both in horizontal, and in vertical planes. Management дефлекторами is carried out by means of the ring handles located on the parties (0 = air giving is blocked) and built in a lattice snuffled рычажков.

Дефлекторы snuffled lateral air lines of the panel of devices have a similar design (1), besides, hardly are above located noncontrollable and nozzles обдува door glasses (2).

Instructions on use of systems of ventilation, heating and air conditioning

Detailed maintenance instructions of systems of heating, ventilation and air conditioning in various environmental conditions are more low resulted. The information on is presented attention of the reader how to provide effective ventilation, heating and air cooling in car salon, and also how quickly to remove from glasses a condensate and hoarfrost.

All considered systems function only at the started engine. As a working body of the heat exchanger of a heater the cooling liquid of the engine is used. If the engine is not heated-up to normal working temperature, some minutes before in salon warm air will start to move is required.

Functioning of a central air of air does not depend on temperature of a cooling liquid of the engine.

In overwhelming majority of cases the best efficiency of functioning of the systems providing a comfortable microclimate, is reached in a giving mode in salon of external air. Long inclusion of a mode of the closed circulation, especially at the idle conditioner, leads запотеванию glasses and to increase спертости air, therefore it is recommended to include the given mode only in case of need and for rather short time, for example, at movement on district with the filled with smoke or polluted atmosphere. As soon as necessity of isolation of salon will disappear, giving in salon of fresh air should be renewed.

External atmospheric air arrives in systems of heating and air-conditioning through the receptions a lattice located before a windscreen and equipped обтекателем. Periodically clean apertures of a reception lattice from leaves and the other dust complicating passage of air.

Ventilation of salon of the car

The forced-air and exhaust ventilation system provides a constant exchange of air in car salon. The fresh external air arriving through a forward reception lattice, circulates on salon and then leaves through the exhaust outlets located in ware boxes of a luggage space.

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Turn the handle of a regulator of temperature of air counter-clockwise against the stop. Check up, that air conditioner has been switched off.
  2. Establish the handle of switching of directions of giving of air in position. The mode of the closed air circulation should be switched off.
  3. By means of the handle of a choice of a high-speed mode of the fan establish demanded intensity of giving of air in car salon.

Air cooling in car salon

The choice of a mode of cooling is possible only at the working engine. At low temperatures of external air there is an automatic switching-off of a mode of cooling.

Salon cooling is made as follows:

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Include air conditioner, having pressed button "А/С", — the control lamp built in the switch should light up.
  2. Check up, that the handle of a regulator of temperature of air has been turned in extreme left position.
  3. Establish the handle of switching of directions of giving of air in position.
  4. At high humidity of external air include a mode of the closed circulation, at low humidity, — a mode of inflow of fresh air.
  5. By means of the handle of a choice of a high-speed mode of the fan establish demanded intensity of giving of air in salon.

If the car has staid long time for the sun and air in salon has strongly heated up, quickly to lower temperature in salon as follows:

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Start the engine.
  2. Include the conditioner of air (button "А/С"). Check up, that the handle of a regulator of temperature of air has been turned in extreme left position.
  3. By means of the handle of a choice of a high-speed mode of the fan establish the maximum intensity of giving of air in salon.
  4. Partially slightly open windows and turn the handle of switching of directions of distribution of air in position.
  5. Include a mode of the closed circulation, after a while close windows.

Work of a central air of air leads to loading increase on the car engine, therefore, moving with frequent stops and on small speed in the conditions of an intense city cycle, or overcoming long liftings of a considerable steepness, it is necessary to watch closely an arrow of the index of temperature of a cooling liquid (the Panel of devices see). At approach of an arrow of the index to a red range of a scale, temporarily switch off air conditioner until the engine temperature will not return to norm.

Heating of salon of the car

To lift air temperature in car salon, execute following manipulations.

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Start the engine.
  2. Establish the handle of switching of directions of distribution of air in position. The mode of the closed air circulation should be switched off.
  3. By means of the handle of a choice of a high-speed mode of the fan establish demanded intensity of giving of air in salon.
  4. Turning the handle of a regulator of temperature of air in this or that party, establish desirable degree of heating of air.

Heating of salon with simultaneous drainage of air by means of the conditioner

At work of a central air humidity of air in car salon decreases that allows by simultaneous inclusion of systems of heating and air-conditioning to make air in car salon warm and dry.

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Include the fan.
  2. Include air conditioner.
  3. Establish the handle of switching of directions of distribution of air in position. The mode рециркуляции air should be switched off.
  4. Turning the handle of a regulator of temperature of air in this or that party, establish desirable degree of heating of air arriving in salon. In the given mode cold air from the conditioner mixes up with warm air from a heater.

Joint inclusion of systems of heating and air conditioning can be applied in any traffic conditions, when air temperature above 0°С.

Removal from condensate and hoarfrost glasses

To clear internal surfaces of glasses of the condensed moisture it is possible as follows:

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Include the fan.
  2. At a corresponding complete set of the car include air conditioner.
  3. Establish the handle of switching of directions of distribution of air in position. The mode of the closed air circulation should be switched off. Some variants of execution of the car provide possibility of automatic inclusion of a mode of giving of fresh air and its air-conditioning by installation of the handle of switching of directions of distribution of air in position.
  4. Turn the handle of a regulator of temperature of air in such position that warm air moved through nozzles обдува a windscreen.
  5. Include an electroheater of back glass for faster removal of the condensed moisture from its surface. On some variants of execution of the car if the handle of switching of directions of distribution of air is in any position, except, air conditioner remains included. For conditioner deenergizing press button A/S.

To remove from an external surface wind and lateral glasses hoarfrost or the ice formed after parking of the car in the street in frosty weather, execute following manipulations:

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Include ignition, having turned a key in the lock in position «ON» (II).
  2. Establish the handle of switching of directions of distribution of air in position. The mode of the closed air circulation should be switched off. Some variants of execution of the car provide possibility of automatic inclusion of a mode of giving of fresh air and the conditioner, by installation of the handle of switching of modes of a direction of distribution in position.
  3. Turn the handle of a regulator of temperature of air in extreme right position (the maximum heating of air) and include the fan for the maximum speed.
  4. Start the car engine.

For acceleration of clearing of a windscreen from hoarfrost or ice it is recommended to include a mode of the closed air circulation in very cold weather at first. After the windscreen will be released from наледи, renew giving of fresh air for the purpose of prevention запотевания glasses.

In a mode обдува glasses all submitted to air salon arrives through the slot-hole nozzles located from above on the panel of devices at the basis of a windscreen, and also through lateral ventilating дефлекторы panels of devices. The temperature of air blowing in glasses, and speed of clearing of glasses increase in process of engine warming up. For acceleration of process of removal from a windscreen of a condensate, hoarfrost or ice it is possible to close lateral ventilating дефлекторы (position 0, — see above the item Management дефлекторами ventilating lattices). In this case all air will go exclusively on having blown in a windscreen.

From safety reasons it is not necessary to begin movement until all windows of the car will not be cleared of a condensate, and to the driver the adequate review will not be provided.

Deenergizing of systems of heating and ventilation

Temporarily to disconnect heating and ventilation systems, turn handles of regulators of a high-speed mode of the fan and air temperature in the extreme left positions.

Necessity for switching-off of systems arises in the first some minutes after engine start in cold weather as it provides faster warming up of the engine to temperature, sufficient for effective functioning of a heater. In all other cases, in order to avoid air stagnation in salon, hold the fan constantly included.

Climate control system

The climate control system can enter into a standard complete set of some models and carries out functions of automatic control by ventilation, heating and an air conditioning in salon. The heater and air conditioner provide maintenance of the set temperature of air. Besides, the system climate котроля automatically carries out a choice of a demanded high-speed mode of the fan and makes distribution of distribution of air depending on the set temperature.

Direction of streams of air arriving in salon from the central and lateral ventilating snuffled, can be adjusted manually, by means of mobile lattices дефлекторов (Management дефлекторами ventilating lattices see above the item).

System functioning in an automatic mode

The design of control system К/В allows to carry out activation of an automatic mode at idle the engine (during the compelled long stop, for example, before a railway crossing). It is necessary to include ignition and to press button "AUTO", — on the display screen the set level of temperature (updating can be made by means of a corresponding regulator) will be highlighted. Duration of functioning of system of the climate control at the muffled engine is limited. For compulsory switching-off of a mode repeatedly press button "AUTO".


The control panel functioning of systems of heating, ventilation and an air conditioning on the models equipped with system of the climate control

1 — the Screen жидкокристального the display
2 — the Handle of a regulator of temperature of air
3 — the Button of inclusion of a mode of removal of a condensate
4 — the Button of inclusion of an automatic mode of functioning of system of the climate control
5 — the Button of inclusion of a mode of the economical expense of fuel

6 — the Button of inclusion of heating of back glass and external rear-view mirrors
7 — the Handle of management of fan/deenergizing K/V functioning
8 — the Switch of a choice of a mode of the closed air circulation
9 — Switches of a choice of directions of distribution of air


Transfer of system of the climate control in an automatic mode of functioning by a way нажимания on button "AUTO" on the panel of devices. Rotation of the handle of the left regulator establish desirable temperature of air. On the screen of the display of system the inscription «AUTO» should be highlighted.

The system automatically creates an optimum combination arriving through the conditioner and-or the heat exchanger of a heater of air streams, providing as much as possible fast warming up or air cooling in salon to the set temperature, operation of automatically started elements of management is accompanied by a conclusion to the screen of the display of corresponding symbolical images.

For the prompt warming up or air cooling in salon include a mode of the closed air circulation and turn the handle of a regulator of temperature in one of extreme (left or right) positions, — it is thus established top (32°С) or bottom (18°С) a limit of adjustable temperature. If a regulator of temperature of air will turn in one of extreme positions, the system will work in a constant mode, without being switched off, and warming up / cooling air with the greatest possible efficiency. Thus the system does not supervise current temperature of air in car salon. If the regulator handle to establish in one of intermediate positions the system will automatically maintain the set temperature of air in car salon.

The fan automatically joins in cold weather only after the engine has worked some time and a heater is ready to heating of air.

Switching-off of system of the climate control is carried out by поворачивания handles of management by fan functioning in extreme left position, — indication on the display screen should go out.

The system should not be in the disconnected condition a little long time. In order to avoid air stagnation in salon and occurrences of unpleasant smells it is recommended to hold constantly the fan the included.

System functioning in a semi-automatic mode

There is a possibility of manual inclusion of any of functions of system of the climate control when last works in an automatic mode. The automatic control of management of all other functions of system thus remains. Squeezing of any of management buttons translates system in a semi-automatic mode, — the control lamp which has been built in button "AUTO", and a corresponding inscription on the display should go out.

For the purpose of minimisation of the expense of fuel possibility of compulsory switching-off of modes of cooling / of drainage of air by нажимания on button "ECO" is provided, — on the display screen the inscription of the corresponding maintenance is displayed. Return to an air-conditioning mode is carried out by repeated pressing the button (corresponding indication should go out).

Inclusion of modes of removal of a condensate / наледи from glasses and a choice of a direction of distribution of air are made by means of corresponding buttons on the control panel by system functioning (functioning of systems of heating, ventilation and an air conditioning the Control panel see the models equipped with system of the climate control) an illustration. On the display screen symbolical images of the corresponding maintenance will be deduced.


The choice of demanded directions of giving of air is carried out by combined use of three operating buttons.

By means of the left rotary handle of the panel of devices installation of a demanded temperature mode is made, the right handle allows to carry out a choice of a high-speed mode of the fan of a heater, and also to make system K/V switching-off.

Features of functioning of system of the climate control at open collapsible top on models the Cabriolet

Opening of collapsible top leads to automatic switching-off of a central air of air, thus become impossible realisation of following modes:

  1. The automatic control of a climate;
  2. The closed air circulation;
  3. Removal of a condensate and наледи from glasses;
  4. Heating of back glass.

All other elements of management continue to function, temperature adjustment will be made in steps with zero on the tenth level.

Gauges of a sunlight and air temperature

The structure climate control system includes two information gauges: the gauge of a sunlight established from above of the panel of devices, between slot-hole nozzles обдува a windscreen and the gauge of temperature of air, close to a steering wheel. Try not to put from above on gauges any subjects and do not suppose hit on them of any liquids.