Opel Astra, Zafira

Since 1998 of release

Repair and car operation



Opel Astra
+ Cars Opel Astra and Zafira
+ The operation manual
- Routine maintenance
   The routine maintenance schedule
   Specifications
   The general data on options and adjustments
   Check of levels of liquids
   Check of a condition of tyres and pressure of their rating, rotation of wheels
   Replacement of impellent oil and the oil filter
   Check of a condition and replacement of a belt of a drive of auxiliary units
   Removal of a sediment from the fuel filter of the diesel engine
   Check of a condition and replacement of the hoses located in an impellent compartment
   Check of a condition of components of system of cooling
   Check, service and gymnastics of the storage battery
   Check of a condition and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
   Survey of components of a suspension bracket and steering drive, check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts
   Check of brake system
   Electric equipment check
   The control of a condition of an anticorrosive covering of a body and the car bottom
   Greasing of locks, loops and emphasis
   Zeroing of the indicator of intervals of maintenance service
   Replacement of a filtering element of an air cleaner - diesel models of release on 09.2000
   Replacement салонного the filter
   Replacement of the fuel filter - diesel models of release on 09.2000
   Check of turns of idling and structure of the fulfilled gases
   Replacement of a filtering element of an air cleaner - all petrol models and diesel engines of release with 10.2000
   Replacement of the fuel filter - diesel models of release with 10.2000
   Replacement of spark plugs, check of condition ВВ of electroconducting
   Replacement of the fuel filter - petrol models
+ The engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ The power supply system and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Manual transmission
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment



Check, service and gymnastics of the storage battery

The battery of tight type enters into a factory complete set of all models considered in the present Management not requiring service. The material which can appear to useful owners of cars, for any reason replaced the battery not requiring service usual is more low resulted.


Performance of checks of a condition and service of the battery demands observance of some special safety measures. Remember that hydrogen allocated with electrolit is explosive gas in the higher measure. Do not smoke, and do not come nearer to a place of work with open fire or the lighted cigarette! Do not forget that actually the electrolit represents the diluted sulfuric acid which at hit in eyes or on open sites of a body is capable to cause strong chemical burns. The electrolit also can easily damage a fabric of clothes and a paint and varnish covering кузовных panels!


At battery switching-off always disconnect from it first of all a negative wire, — to connect it follows the last!

Preparation


Tools and the materials necessary at service of the storage battery

1 — the Obverse board / goggles — at removal of traces of corrosion by a rigid brush crystallising particles of acid can easily get to eyes.
2 — Baking soda — the water solution of baking soda is used for neutralisation of traces of corrosion.
3 — Beskislotnyj vaseline — greasing of plugs of the battery will help to avoid corrosion development in the future.
4 — the Adaptation for зачистки plugs of the battery / of tips of wires — the special form щеточные nozzles from a rigid wire will help to smooth out effectively plugs of the battery and клеммные clips.

5 — the Impregnated felt washers — installation of such washer directly under клеммный the clip will allow to avoid corrosion development.
6 — the Stripper — sometimes clips of wires appear are planted on plugs very densely and do not give in to removal even full отпускания fixture.
7 — the Adaptation for зачистки plugs of the battery / of tips of wires — despite constructive difference from mentioned in point 4, is intended for performance of the same problems.
8 — Rubber gloves — it is not necessary to underestimate the importance of the given protective means — do not forget that in the battery sulfuric acid contains!

The conscientious attitude to performance of procedures of current preventive maintenance of the storage battery is unique pledge of fast and trouble-free start of the engine. Before to undertake battery service, make sure available near at hand all necessary materials and the tools guaranteeing safety of work (Tools and the materials necessary at service of the storage battery) see an illustration.

There is also a number of additional safety measures which should be observed at carrying out of service of the battery. Before to start performance of works, without fail muffle the engine and switch off all consumers of the electric power. Disconnect a negative wire from the battery.

Remember that in battery banks the hydrogen which is not only easily flammable, but also explosive gases is allocated. Do not come nearer at all to a place of work with open fire or the lighted cigarette, try to use only неискрообразующим the tool. Battery gymnastics make in well ventilated premise.

The electrolit represents a solution of the sulfuric acid concerning not only to the category of toxic chemical compounds, but being also extremely chemically aggressive substance. Do not suppose electrolit hit in eyes, on open sites of a body and clothes subjects. Carrying out battery service, put on goggles and gloves, do not allow to come nearer to children to a work place.

Study an external condition of the battery. If the positive plug of the battery with the clip put on it are equipped by a rubber protective casing, make sure that last is not damaged. The casing should cover completely metal components клеммного connections. Check up a condition and reliability of fastening клеммных connections, examine a casing and a battery cover on presence of cracks and other damages of a mechanical order. Make sure of reliability of fastening of clamping bolts. Estimate a condition of isolation of wires of the battery on all their length.

The unattended batteries of tight type equipped with the indicator of level of a charge enter into a regular complete set of all models. Compare colour of a display stain in an observation port to a card of conditions of the indicator, put on the special label pasted on the case of the battery. Regularly check a battery condition, in case of need in due time make gymnastics.

Service

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. In case of detection on a surface of the battery of traces of corrosion in the form of white порошкообразного a touch, in particular near to the locations of plugs, it is necessary to remove the battery from the car for carrying out of careful external cleaning.
  1. Ослабьте a wrench bolts клеммных clips (at first the negative!) and cautiously disconnect from the wire battery. Give fixture of a clamping lath, lift last and take the battery from an impellent compartment.
  1. Carefully smooth out contact surfaces клеммных clips of wires and polar plugs of the battery special brushes with application of a solution of baking soda. The same solution smooth out plugs of the battery and wash out a surface of its cover. Watch, that the solution has not got inside банок. Cleaning make in a protective mask / points and rubber gloves in order to avoid hit of particles of acid in eyes and on hands. Try to pick up also corresponding clothes which will not be a pity for throwing out then. Having finished cleaning, rinse the processed surfaces with pure water.

    A — Zachistka клеммного a clip by means of a special brush
    B — Zachistka of the polar plug

A.

B.
  1. Check up a condition of the pallet of the battery and hairpins of fastening of a clamping lath. Wash out the pallet a baking soda solution, — the sites damaged by corrosion process a first coat on a zinc basis.
  2. Before battery installation make sure that on the pallet no tools and materials are left. Do not draw excessively fixture of a clamping lath.
  3. For protection клеммных connections from corrosion put on polar plugs of the battery in special way processed felt washers. Having connected wires, cover клеммные knots бескислотным with vaseline. Remember that the negative wire is always connected in last turn!
  4. Track reliability of a tightening of fixture of clips.

Gymnastics

During gymnastics in battery banks there is an allocation in the higher measure of easily flammable and fire-dangerous hydrogen! Do not smoke, do not come nearer to a place of gymnastics with open fire. Coming nearer to a battery installation site, put on goggles. Before to connect the battery to зарядному to the device, or to disconnect it, make sure that the device is disconnected from a food.


Composers of the present Management recommend to make gymnastics of the battery out of the car as allocated during performance of procedure gas is chemically aggressive in relation to paint and varnish coverings. Remember that performance of fast additional charge without a detachment from the battery of wires can lead to failure of components of an electric equipment of the car.

With the best way of restoration of level of a charge of the battery which have sat down to such degree when it begins incapable to provide engine start, its slow gymnastics are. This way of gymnastics also optimum for batteries of the cars used in a mode of short trips. Preservation of level of a charge of the battery takes on special significance in a winter season when the most adverse conditions from the point of view of loading on the accumulator are created, and also during the complicated starts of the engine and the raised intensity of functioning of consumers of the electric power.

Is better to use the device for continuous additional charge by the small current (1-2), sometimes named also drop заряжателем). Such зарядные devices provide an optimum mode of gymnastics of the battery with the minimum loading on last. For faster additional charge of the battery it is possible to take advantage of the power supply большей a current strength, remember, however, that the maximum admissible force зарядного should not exceed a current 1/10 from size of capacity of the battery (its ampere-sentry of the characteristic). At the forced gymnastics, according to some users allowing to restore charge level for one-two hour, loading on the battery becomes so high that quite often there is its irreversible exit out of operation, — try to avoid such way of additional charge, resorting to it only in extreme emergencies.

Average duration of the period of gymnastics of the battery should be specified in the instruction applied in the complete set to зарядному to the device. Usually it makes from 12 till 16 o'clock.

Remove covers of mouths of all банок batteries (if those are provided) and закупорьте apertures by pure rags in avoidance выплескивания electrolits. Disconnect a negative wire from the battery and, observing polarity, connect clips of tips of wires зарядного devices to battery plugs (positive — to positive, negative — to negative). Include зарядное the device in a network. If the device is equipped by the selector switch, make sure that last is established in position for 12 Century

At use of the power supply with зарядным a current over two amperes regularly check the battery, watching that there was no its overheat. During slow gymnastics after the initial two-hour control the battery can be left safely to be charged without supervision on all night long.

If banks of the charged battery are equipped by jellied mouths with demountable covers, try to check hourly within first several hours of gymnastics relative density of electrolit. Many manufacturers specially for this purpose let out cheap enough devices named ареометрами, to get which it is possible practically in any shop of automobile accessories. At using ареометром follow instructions of manufacturers applied on it. Continue battery gymnastics until during last two hour measurements change of density of electrolit under condition of its free "boiling" (пузырения) in banks will not stop. Remember that in the serviceable battery the difference between relative densities of electrolit in all banks should be very insignificant.

Some batteries are placed in the soldered case and equipped built in ареометром, allowing visually to define level of a charge of the battery on colouring of a colour stain in a case observation port. Usually, bright colouring of a colour stain testifies to high level of a charge of the battery; stain dimness says that the battery requires additional charge.

In batteries with the tight case without built in ареометра (the indicator of level of a charge) check of level of a charge can be carried out by connection to plugs of the battery of the voltmeter. Target pressure of completely charged battery should make not more low 12.6 In the ambassador of removal of a superficial charge.