Opel Astra, Zafira

Since 1998 of release

Repair and car operation



Opel Astra
+ Cars Opel Astra and Zafira
+ The operation manual
- Routine maintenance
   The routine maintenance schedule
   Specifications
   The general data on options and adjustments
   Check of levels of liquids
   Check of a condition of tyres and pressure of their rating, rotation of wheels
   Replacement of impellent oil and the oil filter
   Check of a condition and replacement of a belt of a drive of auxiliary units
   Removal of a sediment from the fuel filter of the diesel engine
   Check of a condition and replacement of the hoses located in an impellent compartment
   Check of a condition of components of system of cooling
   Check, service and gymnastics of the storage battery
   Check of a condition and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
   Survey of components of a suspension bracket and steering drive, check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts
   Check of brake system
   Electric equipment check
   The control of a condition of an anticorrosive covering of a body and the car bottom
   Greasing of locks, loops and emphasis
   Zeroing of the indicator of intervals of maintenance service
   Replacement of a filtering element of an air cleaner - diesel models of release on 09.2000
   Replacement салонного the filter
   Replacement of the fuel filter - diesel models of release on 09.2000
   Check of turns of idling and structure of the fulfilled gases
   Replacement of a filtering element of an air cleaner - all petrol models and diesel engines of release with 10.2000
   Replacement of the fuel filter - diesel models of release with 10.2000
   Replacement of spark plugs, check of condition ВВ of electroconducting
   Replacement of the fuel filter - petrol models
+ The engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ The power supply system and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Manual transmission
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment



Check of a condition of tyres and pressure of their rating, rotation of wheels

Check

The conscientious attitude to regular check of a condition of tyres will allow the driver to avoid the annoying delays connected with an exit of a wheel out of operation during movement. Besides, on character of deterioration of protectors it is possible to reveal beforehand developments being at a stage defects of components of a suspension bracket and a steering drive.

The wheels equipped with special display tapes enter into a standard complete set of cars considered in the present Management, having width about 12 mm and shown on a protector pattern at deterioration of the last to an admissible limit. The minimum admissible depth of a protector makes 1.6 mm. To estimate degree of deterioration of a protector it is possible by means of the special inexpensive adaptation - ask in shops of automobile accessories.

Pay attention to any signs of non-uniform deterioration of a protector. Such local defects as чашевидное a wipe, уплощения, etc., balancing of the last are usually obliged by the occurrence to infringements of corners of installation of forward wheels, or. For revealing and elimination of malfunctions the car should be driven away in a specialised workshop of car-care centre or on a car repair shop.

PRESSURE OF THE RATING OF THE TYRE DOES NOT SUFFICE

ЧАШЕВИДНЫЕ DEFECTS

Following reasons of formation чашевидных defects are possible:

  • Tyres are too poorly beefy, or the mechanical deviation (infringement of balancing of a wheel or disk deformation) takes place.
  • Ослабло fastening of steering draughts or the pendular lever of a steering drive, or the listed components are worn out.
  • Components of a forward suspension bracket, or ослабло their fastening are damaged or worn out

TOO THE HIGH PRESSURE OF THE RATING OF TYRES

CONVERGENCE ADJUSTMENT IS BROKEN, OR DISORDER OF WHEELS IS TOO GREAT

THE SCALY DETERIORATION OF THE PROTECTOR CAUSED BY INFRINGEMENT OF CORNERS OF INSTALLATION OF WHEELS


 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Attentively examine tyres of all wheels on presence of cuts, punctures and got stuck in flutes of a pattern of a protector of extraneous subjects. Sometimes the punched wheel during even any time continues to keep in itself air whereas the subject which has pierced the tyre continues to remain thrust in it. The reason slow спускания tyres defect of a nipple of the gate of a rating of a wheel can be, — check up a nipple condition.
  1. Attentively examine a protector on presence of the extraneous subjects which have got stuck in it and signs of infringement of tightness of landing of repair "stoppers" with which help repair of small punctures of the tyre is made. To make sure available a puncture simply enough, — it is enough to moisten a suspected site of a surface of the tyre with a solution of soap water — if the puncture takes place, the solution will start to bubble. Insignificant punctures on size are usually easily eliminated in шиномонтажных workshops.
  1. Attentively examine internal walls of tyres of all four wheels on presence on them потеков a brake liquid. In case of revealing of those immediately check up a condition of corresponding brake mechanisms and the hydraulic lines connected to them.
  2. Поддерживание demanded pressure of a rating of tyres will allow to prolong essentially service life of wheels, besides, will provide the maximum comfort at movement and will not allow to lower controllability of the car. Remember that correctly to measure pressure in the tyre by eye it is almost impossible, in particular, if it is a question of tyres of a radial design. It is necessary to hold constantly near at hand suitable manometre, - on gaz stations and car repair shops it is not necessary to trust indications of measuring instruments of compressors of pumping.
  3. Check pressure of a rating of tyres at cold wheels, - it is meant that the car has passed within last three hours no more than one mile. Remember that increase of pressure upon 0.3—0.6 kgs/sm 2 as a result of a wheel warming up is quite natural phenomenon.
  1. Remove from the gate of a rating of a wheel a protective cap and densely press a manometre nozzle to a gate exhaust outlet, having wrung out a nipple rod. Consider the read instrument and compare it to the standard data, in case of need correct pressure. Weekly performance of check of pressure of a rating of tyres will allow to prolong service life of wheels (do not forget about запаску)
  1. Do not forget to screw on a place a protective cap of the gate in order to avoid hit in a moisture and dirt nipple. Check pressure in all wheels, including the spare.

Pressure of a rating запаски compact type usually considerably above, than at usual wheels.

Rotation of wheels

Rotation of wheels should be made regularly according to the schedule of routine maintenance of the car, and also at revealing of signs of non-uniform deterioration of protectors. At rotation the car should be lifted over the earth - take advantage of a case and check up also a condition of components of brake system (Check of brake system see).

Composers of the given Management recommend to make rotation of the wheels equipped with radial tyres, according to offered schemes. The majority of models are completed with tyres with the directed protector, - the directed tyres are easy for distinguishing on presence on a lateral wall of the arrow specifying a correct direction of rotation of a wheel. The complete set should include two tyres with the right direction of rotation and two - with left.

Recommended order of rotation of the wheels completed with tyres With not DIRECTED protector
1 — LEFT FORWARD
2 — RIGHT FORWARD

Recommended order of rotation of the wheels completed with tyres With the DIRECTED protector
3 — LEFT BACK
4 — RIGHT BACK

The detailed description of procedure of change of wheels – see Poddomkrachivanie and towage. Track reliability of fixing of the car in the lifted position.

Will lift most correctly over the earth all car, - use for car fixing in the lifted position less than four props in no event is inadmissible!

On termination of rotation check up pressure of a rating of tyres, correct it according to standard requirements. Make sure of reliability of fastening of wheels nuts (in an ideal wheel bolts should be tightened динамометрическим a key and to make repeated check through 40 km of run).

More detailed information on wheels and tyres is stated in the Head the Suspension bracket and a steering.