Opel Astra, Zafira
Since 1998 of release
Repair and car operation
+ Cars Opel Astra and Zafira
+ The operation manual
- Routine maintenance
The routine maintenance schedule
The general data on options and adjustments
Check of levels of liquids
Check of a condition of tyres and pressure of their rating, rotation of wheels
Replacement of impellent oil and the oil filter
Check of a condition and replacement of a belt of a drive of auxiliary units
Removal of a sediment from the fuel filter of the diesel engine
Check of a condition and replacement of the hoses located in an impellent compartment
Check of a condition of components of system of cooling
Check, service and gymnastics of the storage battery
Check of a condition and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
Survey of components of a suspension bracket and steering drive, check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts
Check of brake system
Electric equipment check
The control of a condition of an anticorrosive covering of a body and the car bottom
Greasing of locks, loops and emphasis
Zeroing of the indicator of intervals of maintenance service
Replacement of a filtering element of an air cleaner - diesel models of release on 09.2000
Replacement салонного the filter
Replacement of the fuel filter - diesel models of release on 09.2000
Check of turns of idling and structure of the fulfilled gases
Replacement of a filtering element of an air cleaner - all petrol models and diesel engines of release with 10.2000
Replacement of the fuel filter - diesel models of release with 10.2000
Replacement of spark plugs, check of condition ВВ of electroconducting
Replacement of the fuel filter - petrol models
+ The engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ The power supply system and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Manual transmission
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
Check of levels of liquids
Various hydraulic liquids play a role of working bodies in systems of greasing, cooling, braking, coupling, heating and an air conditioning, washing of glasses etc. Whereas all liquids are subject eventually разжижению and development, and also during normal functioning of systems gradually become soiled, it is necessary to make their full replacement periodically. Before to start updating of level or replacement, familiarise with the list recommended to use in the car of grades of liquids (Specifications see).
The visual control of leaks
At the greasy engine and the big expense of oil check up places of the most probable development of leaks:
As in the presence of thinnesses oil extends on the big surface of the engine, places of leaks at once to define difficult. For detection of leaks operate as follows:
Check of level of impellent oil is made by means of measuring щупа, passed in directing tube and lowered in the engine to the bottom point of its pallet картера. The site measuring щупа is shown on the illustrations showing placing of components in an impellent compartment of the car and placed in the beginning of the present Chapter.
Check of level of oil should be made before the trip first in a present day, or after nearby 15 minutes after an engine stop. If to execute check immediately after engine deenergizing, its results will adequately not reflect a situation as the oil part will appear distributed on internal galleries and engine components.
Check of level of engine oil is the important preventive procedure of service of the engine. Constant decrease in level testifies to presence of leaks of oil as a result of failure of epiploons, damage of sealing linings, deterioration of piston rings or directing plugs of valves. If oil on colour or a consistence reminds milk, or at it there are water drops, it speaks about possible damage of a lining of a head of cylinders, or formation of cracks to a head body (ок) or the block. Check should be made immediately. During measurement of level of oil always check also its condition. Big and index fingers remove from an edge щупа oil traces, — in case of presence at it of small metal particles oil is subject to replacement (Replacement of impellent oil and the oil filter see).
Cooling liquid of the engine
All models of cars described in the present Management are equipped by system of cooling of the compensatory type, working at superfluous pressure. The broad tank of system of cooling made of translucent plastic is located in a forward corner of an impellent compartment closely to the battery (illustrations in the beginning of the Head see) and connected переливным by a hose to the basis of a jellied mouth of a radiator. At engine warming up the cooling liquid extends, and its surplus flows through the valve which has been built in in a cover of a jellied mouth of a radiator, in a broad tank. In process of cooling, the liquid comes back on a hose back in a radiator that allows to support constantly in norm its level in system.
Constant falling of level of a cooling liquid usually testifies to development of leaks in system. Check up on presence of traces of leaks a radiator, connecting hoses, a cover of a jellied mouth, drain stoppers and the case of the water pump. If it is not possible to reveal any signs of leaks, it is necessary to make check of a cover of a radiator by pressure in the conditions of a car-care centre workshop.
In need of removal of a cover of a radiator wait full cooling of the engine, then wind a mouth with a thick layer of rags and slowly turn away a cover to the first emphasis. If thus there is steam emission, allow to the engine to cool down a little more, only after that definitively uncover.
Besides level always check also a condition of a cooling liquid, - it should be concerning transparent. If the cooling liquid is painted in krasnovato-brown colour of a rust, the cooling system should be emptied, washed out and filled by a fresh mix of antifreeze with water. Even if the liquid outwardly is not exposed to any changes, entering into its structure ингибиторы corrosion eventually are exposed to the development, therefore the cooling liquid should be replaced regularly according to the schedule of routine maintenance of the car (the routine maintenance Schedule see).
Try not to suppose antifreeze hit on open sites of a skin or the painted surfaces кузовных components. Casual splashes immediately wash off a plentiful quantity of water.
Liquid for windscreen washing
The liquid for windscreen washing is filled in in the special tank made of plastic located in the left forward corner of an impellent compartment between the storage battery and a broad tank of system of cooling (illustrations in the beginning of the Head see). In regions with a temperate climate as a liquid for glass washing pure water can be used, however it is not necessary to fill the tank more than on 2/3 for the purpose of indemnification of expansion of water at its freezing during frosts. At car operation in severe environmental conditions to use only патентованные the screen wipers providing corresponding decrease of a freezing point of a liquid. In avoidance обмерзания glasses at washing in cold weather preliminary warm up its way обдува passed through the heat exchanger of a heater air.
Electrolit of the storage battery
Cars considered in the present Management are completed by the battery of tight type not requiring service in which case only ventilating apertures are provided. The battery case can be made of translucent plastic, - in this case electrolit level in its banks can be supervised for the purpose of reception of the indirect information on serviceability of functioning of system of a charge and a current condition of the battery. If while in service a vehicle the battery for any reason has been replaced usual (served type), it is necessary to check from time to time electrolit level in its banks for what it is necessary to remove the top control/jellied stoppers. Especially attentively it is necessary to watch electrolit level in a warm season. For updating of level of electrolit it is necessary to use only the distilled water.
Hydraulic liquid of brake system and coupling drive
The main brake cylinder (ГТЦ) is fixed on the block of the servo-driver of the vacuum amplifier of brakes (illustrations in the beginning of the Head see). Established from above on ГТЦ the tank is used as a reserve drive in hydraulic paths both brake mechanisms, and coupling (Heads Coupling and power shafts and Brake system see).
In case of need updatings of level of a liquid carefully wipe a cover of the corresponding tank and a surface round it pure rags in order to avoid hit in hydraulic system of a dirt.
At заливании liquids in the tank watch that it was not sprayed on surrounding painted surfaces кузовных elements. Add in each of systems only a liquid of the grade stipulated by standard requirements (Specifications see), - mixing of two liquids of a various grade in no event is inadmissible and can lead to refusal of corresponding system!
At a stage of updating of level it is necessary to check up attentively also a condition of a liquid and internal walls of the tank. In case of revealing of mud adjournment, firm extraneous particles or drops of water the system should be emptied and filled by a fresh hydraulic liquid (Heads Coupling and power shafts and Brake system see).
After the tank will be filled to demanded level, densely plant on it a cover.
Remember that level of a hydraulic liquid in tank GTTS in process of operation of frictional overlays brake колодок gradually falls, however this decrease is always very insignificant. If the liquid has to be added too often, hence, in system the leak which source should be immediately revealed takes place, and the reason is eliminated, - attentively examine all brake lines and them штуцерные connections, including supports, wheel cylinders and the servo-driver of the vacuum amplifier (Check of brake system more in detail see). Falling of level of a liquid in the tank of a hydrodrive of coupling testifies to development of leaks in a path, including the executive cylinder (Coupling and power shafts see the Head).
If during check of level of a liquid in the main cylinders that fact is elicited that its tank is almost devastated, the corresponding system should be completely pumped over (Heads Coupling and power shafts or Brake system) see.
Liquid of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel
The tank of a liquid of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel is located in a back part of an impellent compartment (illustrations in the beginning of the Head see).
The tank cover is equipped built in measuring щупом (illustrations Check of level of a hydraulic liquid in the tank of steering pump TRW or Check of level of a hydraulic liquid in the tank of steering pump DELPHI see). The Procedure for test standard for all measurements with the help щупов.
Try not to suppose an exit of level of a liquid for limits of the bottom border of an admissible range.
In case of need make corresponding updating of level, having added in a tank mouth a hydraulic liquid of a demanded grade.
If necessity for updating of level of a liquid arises regularly and often, check up on presence of signs of leaks the steering pump, картер реечной transfers, and also all connecting lines of a hydraulic path of system and them штуцерные connections.
Transmissionnoe oil manual transmission
Correctness of level ATF is one of critical operational parametres of the models equipped АТ. Excessive falling of level ATF can lead to proslipping of the converter of rotation whereas the excessive quantity of a liquid conducts to its foaming, to formation of leaks and is fraught with a transmission exit out of operation.
Check of level ATF should be made at разогретой to normal working temperature of transmission (15—20 km of run, 72—80°С).