Opel Astra, Zafira

Since 1998 of release

Repair and car operation



Opel Astra
+ Cars Opel Astra and Zafira
+ The operation manual
- Routine maintenance
   The routine maintenance schedule
   Specifications
   The general data on options and adjustments
   Check of levels of liquids
   Check of a condition of tyres and pressure of their rating, rotation of wheels
   Replacement of impellent oil and the oil filter
   Check of a condition and replacement of a belt of a drive of auxiliary units
   Removal of a sediment from the fuel filter of the diesel engine
   Check of a condition and replacement of the hoses located in an impellent compartment
   Check of a condition of components of system of cooling
   Check, service and gymnastics of the storage battery
   Check of a condition and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
   Survey of components of a suspension bracket and steering drive, check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts
   Check of brake system
   Electric equipment check
   The control of a condition of an anticorrosive covering of a body and the car bottom
   Greasing of locks, loops and emphasis
   Zeroing of the indicator of intervals of maintenance service
   Replacement of a filtering element of an air cleaner - diesel models of release on 09.2000
   Replacement салонного the filter
   Replacement of the fuel filter - diesel models of release on 09.2000
   Check of turns of idling and structure of the fulfilled gases
   Replacement of a filtering element of an air cleaner - all petrol models and diesel engines of release with 10.2000
   Replacement of the fuel filter - diesel models of release with 10.2000
   Replacement of spark plugs, check of condition ВВ of electroconducting
   Replacement of the fuel filter - petrol models
+ The engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ The power supply system and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Manual transmission
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment



Replacement of impellent oil and the oil filter

At operation of the car in the conditions of the raised intensity (the routine maintenance Schedule see) replacement of impellent oil / the oil filter should be made through each 5000 km of run.


The tooling, necessary for replacement of impellent oil and the oil filter

1 — the Drain capacity should be superficial and enough wide to reduce to a minimum probability проливания oils on the earth
2 — Rubber gloves will help to protect hands from burns at inevitable hit on them oils during a reversing of a drain stopper of the pallet картера
3 — the Collar: sometimes the drain stopper appears tightened hardly enough that demands considerable effort at its reversing

4 — the Replaceable face head is applied together with a collar or the equipped ratchet a drive at a reversing of a drain stopper, should correspond to last on the size
5 — the Tape key allows to turn out полнопоточный the oil filter in the conditions of the access limited to it
6 — Special накидной the key is put on an end face of the filter and can then rotate by means of a collar or a ratchet drive, should answer the filter case on the size

Regular and frequent enough performance of replacement of impellent oil is one of the basic procedures of preventive maintenance of the car, lying within qualification of the average mechanic-fan. Eventually impellent oil is subject to ageing that is shown in gradual it разжижении and pollution, to leaders to premature deterioration of internal components of the engine. In spite of the fact that separate sources recommend to make replacement of the oil filter only at every second change of impellent oil, composers of the present Management consider that in view of relative insignificance of cost of a replaceable component and importance of influence of its condition on serviceability of functioning of the engine / efficiency of its return, makes sense to change the filter each time at oil replacement.

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. Make sure available near at hand all materials and the tools necessary for performance of replacement of oil and the oil filter (the Tooling, necessary for replacement of impellent oil and the oil filter see an illustration). Prepare also enough of rags and old newspapers for gathering of traces of the spilt oil.
  2. For the purpose of maintenance of an easy approach to the pallet картера and to the oil filter lift the car лебедкой, tyre out it on a platform, or поддомкратьте and establish on props.

    At all do not carry out any works under the car which has been propped up only under a bumper or kept in lifted position only by a jack!

  3. Get under the car and familiarise with an arrangement of a drain stopper of the pallet картера and the oil filter. Remember that the power unit and components of system of release of the fulfilled gases during all time of performance of procedure will remain hot enough, — think over the scheme of safe manipulations with hands to avoid casual contact with разогретыми surfaces.
  4. Make sure of horizontal position of position of the car on props / the lift. Warm up the engine to normal working temperature, — hot oil possesses большей fluidity and is better washes away шлам and deposits. Use the compelled idle time to spread out in a convenient order all necessary tools and materials. Muffle the engine and uncover a jellied mouth of impellent oil.
  5. Make sure of reliability of fixing of the car in the lifted position.
  6. Being careful (item 3 see), get under the car and establish drain capacity under the pallet картера, with that calculation that during the first moment the stream will follow through an aperture with a decent pressure. Trying not to touch to разогретым to surfaces of the power unit and components of system of release, turn out a drain stopper from the bottom part of the pallet картера. Depending on oil temperature, at a final stage of a reversing of a stopper it is possible to take advantage of rubber gloves, or to refuse them.
  7. Allow oil to flow down free in capacity, in appropriate way correcting position of last in process of weakening of a pressure of a stream. Check up the churned butter on presence at it of metal sawdust.
  8. After oil will stop to follow from картера the engine, carefully wipe a drain stopper pure rags, — to it can подлипнуть small metal sawdust which will immediately lead to pollution of fresh oil.
  1. Wipe a surface of the pallet round a drain aperture, screw a stopper into place and tighten with demanded effort.

    A — the Tightening of a drain stopper of the pallet картера (engines 1.2, 1.8, 2.2, 2.0D and 1.7D (Y17DT)
    B — the Tightening of a drain stopper of the pallet картера (engines 1.6, 2.0, 1.7D (Y17DTL)

A.

B.
  1. Move drain capacity under the oil filter.

Petrol models


Replacement of the oil filter by l models 1.8

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. On models 1.4, 1.6 and 1.8 l the filter is in a forward part of the block of cylinders, on  l models 2.0  — on the right on the back party of the block where it is screwed in the case of the oil pump.
  1. On models 1.4, 1.6 and 2.0 l by means of a special key ослабьте a filter inhaling, then turn out his hand. Merge oil from the old filter in capacity. On engines of 1.8 l a cover of the case of the oil filter remove together with a filtering element, — the sealing ring (2) is subject to replacement without fail.
  1. Pure rags carefully wipe a surface of the block of cylinders interfaced to the filter. On  l models 1.8  if it is required, the case of the oil filter can be removed from the block after a reversing of a fixing bolt. The case should be washed out and dry to wipe. At case installation with the block do not forget to replace a sealing ring, — track, that the fixing bolt has been tightened with demanded effort.
  1. On models 1.4, 1.6 and 2.0 l make sure that the new filter corresponds on a standard size removed from the car. Grease a rubber sealing lining of the new filter with a thin layer of pure impellent oil and screw the new filter on a regular place, adhering specified by an arrow on its case of a direction of rotation. In order to avoid damage of a lining do not apply to a tightening of the oil filter any keys. After the filter will nestle a lining on a block surface, hold on it on 3/4 turns. On  l models 1.8  plant in a cover of the case of the filter a new filtering element, put on a new sealing ring and wrap a cover in the case with demanded effort (Replacement of the oil filter see models 1.8 an illustration ).

Diesel models

The engine of 1.7 l SOHC

On diesel models with the engine of 1.7 l SOHC replacement of the oil filter is made also as on petrol engines in volume 1.4, 1.6 and 2.0 l (see above).

Engines of 1.7 l DOHC and 2.0 l

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. On engines of 1.7 l DOHC the filter is located on the back party of the block of cylinders, on engines of 2.0 l — from above in a forward part of a head.
  1. For the purpose of providing of access to the oil filter on l models 2.0 remove the top plastic casing of the power unit.
  1. By means of a suitable screw-driver ослабьте a cover also remove it from the filter case.
  1. Take from a cover filtering element and replace its new, do not forget to replace also sealing rings.
  1. Establish a cover (with the filtering element enclosed in it) into place and tighten with demanded effort.
  2. On l models 2.0 establish into place a plastic casing of the engine (track reliability of a tightening of fixing bolts).

All models

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

  1. At a corresponding complete set establish into place protection картера. Collect traces of the spilt oil, take from under the car drain capacity and tools. Lower the car on the earth.
  2. Take from under the car all tools and materials — try not to overturn drain capacity. Lower the car on the earth.
  3. Fill in fresh oil in a reception mouth of the engine, — for the purpose of minimisation of losses take advantage of a funnel. For a gulf about half of demanded quantity, wait for some minutes, having allowed oil to flow down in the pallet, then check up its level on measuring щупу (Check of levels of liquids see). If level is above the bottom mark, start the engine, having provided circulation of fresh oil (the control lamp of pressure of oil at the first start can go out with the certain delay connected with necessity of filling of volume of the filtering element).
  4. For lifting of level of oil from bottom (MIN) marks on щупе to top (MOVE) is required hardly less than one litre of oil.

  5. Having allowed to the engine to work within nearby minute, again muffle it, and at once glance under the car, checking, whether there are no leaks through a drain stopper and полнопоточный the filter. In case of need tighten a component supposing leak a little.
  6. During oil circulation on the engine (about 1 minute), there is a filling of the new oil filter. Now it is necessary to check up again level of oil and in case of need to add still its some quantity, having finished level to the top mark in an edge щупа (check make after some minutes after engine deenergizing, — oil should have time to flow down completely in the pallet картера).
  7. During first several trips after change of impellent oil try as it is possible to check its level is more often.
  8. The fulfilled butter churned from the engine is not subject to the secondary use and should be handed over on special place of acceptance. At all do not merge working off on the earth or in the water drain — pour it in tightly closed container and at the first possibility hand over.