Opel Astra, Zafira
Since 1998 of release
Repair and car operation
+ Cars Opel Astra and Zafira
+ The operation manual
+ Routine maintenance
+ The engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating
+ The power supply system and release
+ Engine electric equipment
+ Manual transmission
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
- Suspension bracket and steering
Removal and installation of a rotary fist
Check of a condition and replacement ступичной assemblages
Removal and installation of a forward stretcher
Removal, regenerative repair and installation of a rack of a forward suspension bracket
Removal and installation of the forward stabilizer of cross-section stability
Removal, regenerative repair and installation of the bottom lever of a forward suspension bracket
Replacement of the bottom spherical support
Removal and installation back ступичной assemblages
Check of a condition and replacement of bearings of back wheels
Removal, check of a condition and installation of the back shock-absorber
Removal and installation of screw springs of a back suspension bracket
Removal and installation торсионной beams of a back suspension bracket
Replacement резинометаллических hinges of longitudinal levers торсионной beams
System of adjustment of a road gleam of a back axis - the general information and adjustment
Removal and installation of the air valve and highway of a regulator of a road gleam of a back axis (model the Versatile person)
Removal and steering wheel installation
Removal and installation of a steering column
Removal, check of a condition and installation of an intermediate shaft of a steering column
Replacement of protective covers картера the steering mechanism
Removal and installation of the steering mechanism
Removal and installation of the steering pump
Removal of air from hydraulic path ГУР
Removal and installation of tips of steering draughts
Removal and installation of steering draught
Corners of installation of wheels
+ Onboard electric equipment
Corners of installation of wheels
The general information
Corners of installation of forward wheels define geometry of position of the last concerning a suspension bracket of the car and a road covering. Infringement of adjustment of this geometry conducts to decrease in controllability of the car and increase of speed of deterioration of tyres. Into number of corners of installation of forward wheels of the car subject to the control enter выбег (a corner of a longitudinal inclination of an axis of turn of a wheel), disorder, a corner of a cross-section inclination of an axis of turn of a wheel and convergence (Corners of installation of wheels of the car see an illustration). One of parametres - convergence is subject to adjustment only. Designate parametres should be checked on a regular basis for an estimation of degree of deterioration of components of a suspension bracket and a steering drive.
Adjustment of corners of installation of wheels is among demanding special accuracy of measurement of procedures for which qualitative performance presence of special, enough bulky and expensive equipment is necessary. Performance of the given work will charge most correctly to professional mechanics of car-care centre. More low, for the general understanding, definitions of each of under control corners of installation of wheels of the car which knowledge will facilitate dialogue of the owner of the car with the car-care centre personnel are resulted.
As corner of a longitudinal inclination of an axis of turn of a wheel (выбегом) is called the corner of a deviation from a vertical of an axis of turn of a wheel in a plane of the last. If the turn axis is inclined back (the bottom part of an axis is pushed forward), выбег is called as positive, and on the contrary. Adjustment выбега forward wheels is carried out by selection of the remote washers enclosed under pushing bars of a suspension bracket.
As disorder is called the angle of slope of a plane of wheels concerning a vertical. If wheels are inclined by upper edges outside, disorder is called as positive, and on the contrary. The disorder size is measured in degrees. Correctness of adjustment of disorder defines size and position of a stain of contact of protectors with road and allows to compensate changes in geometry of a suspension bracket during fulfilment of turns and at car movement on a rough road covering. On considered models of cars possibility of adjustment of disorder is not provided.
As corner of a cross-section inclination of an axis of turn of a wheel is called it a corner between an axis of an inclination of a rotary fist and parallel ДП the car the vertical plane spent through a point of fastening of a wheel.
As convergence is called the data size to each other forward edges of wheels of the car. Such infringement of parallelism of installation of wheels allows to minimise deterioration of a protector for the account юза at fulfilment of turns. At zero convergence distance between forward edges of wheels to equally distance between their back edges. Normal convergence usually does not exceed inch shares (1 inch = 2.54 sm). Adjustment of convergence of forward wheels is carried out by updating of length of steering draughts at the expense of change of position of their tips. For updating of convergence of back wheels it is provided special adjusting кулачковый a bolt screwed in the internal end of a control lever of a back suspension bracket. Infringement of adjustment of convergence conducts to acceleration of deterioration of protectors of tyres for the account проскальзывания them on a road covering.
Conditions of check of corners of installation of wheels
Check of corners of installation of the car demands presence of a viewing hole or the special measuring lift. At measurement carrying out it is necessary to satisfy following conditions:
All parametres, except convergence, are established by manufacture of the car and adjustment are not subject. If the car has not visited serious failure, corners of installation of wheels should remain during all service life of the car. In the absence of confidence of correctness of definition of parametres not subject to adjustment address for the help to experts.
Convergence can be measured in house conditions in two ways. In the first gauging of distances between forward internal edges of rims of wheels a suitable measuring instrument is made. At use of the second method the special plate is required. Having established a plate to perpendicularly wheel and rotating it, it is possible to reveal a deviation of wheels. The measuring instrument or a plate can be got in specialised shops.
If as a result of check it was found out that convergence requires adjustment, ослабьте counternuts of tips.